The framework is a major part of the stairs, so to install it should be treated properly and gramotnoNachav build a second floor, in addition to the main objectives, the question arises about the proper placement of ladders and scaffolding for them, at this moment the market is crowded with a variety of materials, from wood and metal finishing. At this point of the metal skeleton are most advantageous, compared with a wooden frame. First, the metal frame does not rot, and it will not start animals. Secondly, it is durable and can withstand heavy loads.
Making frame ladders with their hands
Ladders come in several forms.
Straight staircase is very simple to manufacture and assemble. This ladder is made up of one or more spans, for a comfortable stairs up and down, but a small flaw still exists - for a ladder need more space. The optimal number of steps 8-11, but not more than 15.
The simplest is a straight staircase, which you can install on their own without the help of experts
The spiral staircase is more complicated to install, since it is necessary to adhere to the exact perpendicular direction to easily set the correct angle, but the main advantage is that it takes up little space, it can be put in any place, at the same time, it is stylish and decorate the interior any room.
Rotary stairs as well as a spiral, save space in the room, a staircase is possible to put, in the center of the room and near the wall, but the main disadvantage of such a ladder on it inconvenient to go down, as there is a good chance of slipping.
Having defined the shape of a ladder, you can start manufacturing the frame.
Assembling the metal frame for the stairs
In order to make the metal frame with your hands, you need at least minimal skills in welding and metal work.
Metal ladder frames are of two types:
Closed frames are renowned for their simplicity, because they do not need to "elevate", as construction will be hidden under the covering material.
In order to weld the metal frame are requested to prepare all the necessary materials and tools for the job
To weld the frame assembly, will need to channel areas and tools such as:
- Welding apparatus (semiautomatic welding or electrode);
For the manufacture of such a framework, we need corners and profiled tube high rigidity. On the side faces of the frame are welded corners, then welded it to the stage.
All irregularities can be removed with a file and be sure not to forget to prime the special anti-corrosion solution.
The foundation for the stairs to the open frame: whether necessary
Open frame sometimes requires a foundation for poles and more difficult to implement, since it will be assembled on the mind, so you should make more efforts, care and accuracy during installation.
In turn, the open frame are divided into:
- Open one stringers;
- Open form with two stringers.
Make ladder frame more stable and reliable possible by means of the concrete foundation
Skeletons with one open stringers are bearing beam to which the pad has directly attached, this structure looks weightless and air also may be welded to the structure of an additional bracket to stage not sagged under high loads.
Open frame with two stringers is a metal profile with rectangular cross-sections and covered with enamel.
Their appearance reminiscent of a ladder. After installation on steps cages and fences, stairs finally receives a finished appearance.
And a base material for a ladder: how to choose
Despite the ease of installation of the stairs, in this case, there are certain nuances. open frame cost significantly more than the price of a closed cage. At the same time we must remember that for the quality of design best fits the quality of the welding seams and the foundation for the pillars.
Does not necessarily make the ladder entirely from metal, at the moment there are many design courses that will decorate the staircase.
A beautiful staircase with wrought iron railing not only decorate the interior, but also will make it a refined and elegant
Metal combined with any materials, such as:
- A rock;
- Glass, etc.
Stairs made of metal can be fitted with any kind of fence, because the fence is not the most important role in the very stairs, she is responsible for the safety of the structure and, of course, for a complete view of the stairs and the room itself. Minimum height railings standard should be 90 cm.
The most popular are gaining wrought iron railings, they look elegant and refined, without impacting the design. Forged items commonly used in the classical style, Rococo and Baroque.
By wrought iron railings also not lagging behind the construction of stainless steel, so they stand out for their reliability and durability and longevity. stainless steel railings fit perfectly in a modern interior, minimalism or hi-tech.
Wooden and glass frame assembly for a ladder
Like it or not, but the tree remains the most popular and affordable materials in the building construction.
Wooden railing and frame:
- Pleasant to the touch;
- When minimally processed, look nice and neat;
- Whatever the design would not be chosen, it is well combined with wood.
It is interesting in a modern interior will look skeleton glass staircase
Despite its fragility, it is very robust and attractive railing and frame are obtained from the glass. Given the fact that the glass can pass through a light, this structure can visually enlarge the room.
Just enough to look spectacular radius stairs.
Build a ladder frame (video)
Summing up, it can be concluded that the framework for a ladder it is possible to make your own hands, if there is little knowledge of welding, thus it is imperative to make accurate calculations and drawings, to the stairs were safe and convenient to use. If any condition or cause of self-ladder do not allow, you need to turn to competent professionals who are at an affordable price offers the most common and time-tested variations of metal skeletons.
Details: framed stairs to the second floor (photo examples)