Stylishly complement your home decor in both the classical and modern style, you can use a spiral staircase lestnitsyLyubaya performs not only an aesthetic function, it should be comfortable and functional. It is difficult to imagine that in a 2-storey building will be installed ladder, or a variant of the lift system. Developed many construction options, design stairs, decoration steps (marching on kosour semicircle). Yes themselves and ladders with many original design solutions. The original spiral staircases can be done by hand, the main thing to observe safety rules.
Modern spiral staircase in the house: types
Helical stairs in an apartment or house - Durable and lightweight construction for a stylish interior. It is so named because it is designed from the winder stairs, which are mounted on the central pillar. The main distinctive point screw ladders - this is saving living space.
Spiral stairs are made of metal or wood, with a rack in the center or on the string. As a rule, the model does not provide risers - their presence makes a spiral ladder design is not very convenient in everyday use.
It explained this design feature, first of all, the fact that the width of the winder stairs in the middle of the design does not match with the human foot - without a riser movement in a ladder structure becomes at times more convenient and not dangerous.
Choosing a spiral staircase should be based on the size and features of the room, where it will be installed
Construction of stairs may be different, popular following types:
Popular size square-spiral staircase 1200x1200, round 120 cm, 140 and 160 cm. Today, you can buy ready-made models of domestic production for the garden or a multi-storey apartment. Installation of stairs difficult, so it is best to turn to professionals. If there is construction skills, the beautiful staircase, you can do it yourself, later in this article we'll discuss it.
How to make a spiral staircase
Do stairs very possible if there is experience and build skills. Half-floor structure may be a screw, if the footage at home a little. It is reliable, creates convenience and takes relatively few meters.
Before installing correctly, spiral staircase design must be chosen so that it was not too massive and easy, user-friendly, service.
Choices are many, some prefer will depend on the financial capacity and experience. Monolithic design should be, above all, multi-functional, that is, to cope with its mission. A main function of the spiral model - comfortable descent / ascent on a small footage.
Manufacture and install wooden spiral staircase can be independently, the main thing - to think in advance of its design and prepare materials for work
The main components elements:
Compact team spiral staircase in a limited space can be made of different wood species. Manufacturing steps can be ordered online in a company or in a traditional specialty store. But if have the skills, you can make your own hands. It is important to choose the right wood, oak is better, but if finances do not allow it, you can do a pine tree. Fit and spruce. The manufacturer shall be responsible for the quality, give guarantees.
Inside steps need to be sized somewhere 100 mm, the middle - about 200 mm. step length, depending on the specific conditions may be about 800 mm. The narrowest point of the step should be under the opening rack diameter of not less than 50 mm. On the steps to be a place for the railing. The metal tube (Front) is welded to the pipe flange with holes 4, the second end of thread to be present. The height of the step should not exceed 250 mm. Then to the steps necessary to attach the rack rails. On the broad side is fastened a square or triangular scarf, it's decoration, decoration. Railing is better to make the component and the rack attached to the rail with special glue. Protections for spiral staircases build necessary, a security deposit. Before the work it is important to think everything through, make a plan.
Scheme, drawing can be done in AutoCAD (dwg format), which can be downloaded through the program Torrent. A special program will see a model of a cross-sectional eliminate errors. If reliance is no certainty, it is better to buy ready-made kit, ladder, where all the parts included with the instruction.
Robust spiral staircase with his own hands
If the living room or another room no different footage to accommodate marches, the perfect solution - a narrow spiral structure with forging. Wrought iron spiral design looks great in the interior, if the trim is made from natural materials. Round modular model used for lifting the attic with a hatch, that is, as a supporting structure.
The lack of a spiral staircase in the fact that it does not allow to lift to the second floor of a large-sized furniture
However, the device provides some downsides:
- The rise of the spiral structure uncomfortable, there is a risk of injury.
- Furniture raise extremely difficult.
- The steps to the right and left legs of different sizes.
However, interior design examples show that aesthetically ornate staircase looks airy and expensive, the perfect solution to take design and decorate. Despite the shortcomings, spiral staircases do not lose their relevance and constantly receive positive feedback, as well as a book of the same name, a talented writer Etel Uayt.
Spiral staircases for the house: swivel design
Tilt Systems - a subspecies of helical stair designs. They are partly or entirely consist of winders.
Everything for a private home is perfect for a semi-negotiable staircase made of wood
Allocate some modifications to the device in the apartment or private home:
- A quarter of the reverse;
- The curved.
Manufacture and assemble wood constructions circular rotary carrier preferably along the wall, but the handrail is better to arrange the outside. In some houses you can see the structure standing without attaching to the wall. Minus the production of spiral staircases of this type - the inconvenience of walking up the stairs, the very same system looks quite stylish and aesthetically pleasing.
Round stairs: installation
ladder assembly bought at Ikea, Kirov and other cities should be carried out in a certain way.
In order to quickly install a spiral staircase in the room, it is better to seek help from professionals
- The first step is to carry out calculations and make sure that the ladder will fall well indoors small openings.
- You then need to select the location for the main shaft, which is mounted flange.
- The first step is attached to a floor surface and enters into the flange.
- With the help of a spirit level necessary to check the verticality.
- The central pillar rack you are installing the sleeves. The stairs are installed according to the instructions suggested by the manufacturer.
- The ladder is mounted to the walls of the opening rails or by means of the upper step.
- Top mounted support rod.
- Arranged railings and fences.
It is important to understand that in each case home spiral stairs to the 2nd floor are arranged based on a number of nuances. It is important to take into account opening, height, size and other individual characteristics. Pragmatic handle himself if no skills, it is better to turn to professionals, as must be respected technology standards GOST and SNIP.
Popular models of spiral staircases: the main types of
4 is known ladder type helical structure.
The most popular and in demand today is the spiral staircase to the wedge steps
- Simple design with wedge-shaped steps.
- The second option put forward some steps cantilevered from the middle of monolithic support column.
- It has no internal reference column.
- Staircase of steel support rod inside.
If the helical structure is arranged as the main tread length should be no less than 900 mm, the opening should have a diameter of 2000 mm. A wide staircase due to the fact that the opening should fit not only the ladder, but the fence with handrail around.
If space is insufficient, less than 100 mm, then the comfort will be forgotten, the hand may be injured accidentally.
If the spiral staircase acts as an additional element, such as a small, rectangular, folding or street, the small diameter of the opening and enough. This design of the spiral staircase is commonly used for lifting to attic space.
Cast iron spiral staircases
Cast iron ladders look very impressive.
Advantages of cast-iron staircase that it is not only safe and practical, but also looks quite impressive in the interior
Stairs made of cast iron for centuries in demand and have the following advantages:
- Reliability design;
- Durability and safety;
- Easy installation;
- Large choice of design, coloring in your favorite color;
- Resistance to temperature;
- If the model is arranged on the outside, the weather protection;
- The complete modular construction;
- Classic style, aesthetics;
Depending on the aperture staircase structure can be designed circular, triangular or trapezoidal output pad. Most of the components that are available today staircase made of cast iron is cast iron, some - made of galvanized steel. Innovative paint coating process, honed over many years of application, ensures the stability of almost all kinds of external influences. Elegance, mystery wide range of variants of performance and durability make spiral staircase most suitable for the device inside or outside the apartment, house.
Glass construction spiral staircase
10 years ago and I thought it was not in my head, that the house can be set matte white or transparent glass staircase spiral configuration design. Nowadays it is no longer a novelty and rarity, as the technology has not stood still, and they offer advanced people always something innovative, interesting and reliable.
Screw design - metal with glass SRAs very fragile at first glance, but this is a wrong feeling very strong ladder to it are increased security requirements.
If you decide to install a glass spiral staircase, while special attention should be paid to the quality and safety
But now what about the external data, the glass looks elegant and easy. Design if hangs in the air. Stair design of screw-type glass - it's not heavy and low-end models, which consist of a winder stairs. The construction is not complicated, steps are wedge-shaped, mounted on the support circle. However, the shape of the steps and the installation can be carried out by a variety of techniques.
Spiral staircases made of glass are arranged not only in vertical surfaces, but also away from them, imagining himself in a luxurious and trend detail of the interior space, as in the old days, when the structure was placed in the tower. Stairs spiral shape may be not only circular, they can repeat the location of walls. In general, glass ladders are a great and reliable solution for houses of a small square footage.
This is not just a cascade of splendor and multipurpose facility, it will also create a sense of:
Naturally we can not say about the convenience and reliability during operation.
Pine steps for helical staircases
To create a blank under the steps taken bars, which have been carefully ostrogannoj and collected in the bag so that the direction of the annual rings of looking the other way, in the one that the opposite direction.
Everything for a spiral staircase it is best to pick up pine steps that can last for many years
Then the bars:
- Lubricated with a special adhesive composition;
- Crimped clamps or wedges Wyman.
A spiral staircase with his own hands (video)
Once the glue dries, the crimp is removed and glue boards are ready for further work. Clamp - a conductor in the form of a rectangle. Clamp glued or drawn up a structure in which there is a clamp wedges to her sides.
Examples of spiral staircases (photo)