The staircase in the country not only allows you to go up to the second floor, but also significantly improves the appearance of the interior Holiday homes may not have 1, 2 or 3 floors, all depends on the financial situation of the owners. If funds are in abundance, construct a two-storey house - area increases, and the place on the site all the same. it is impossible to build without any stairs two storey house. Usually stairs to testify made of wood, as the most suitable material for its production. Such ladder will fit into any interior, and even decorate it.
Finished stairs to wood cottages
Finished staircase meets the highest quality standards. A huge number of modifications on the market allows you to choose an option for every home, even with non-standard layout.
The advantage of ready-made ladders:
- Low price. Large-scale release can significantly reduce the cost models.
- Quality straight from the factory. Quality raw materials are processed, and the entire production process does not involve human intervention. This guarantees the highest quality of all products.
- Suit anyone. There are many types of ladders made of wood, among which you can choose the appropriate one.
- Always available in warehouses. In retail stores, you can always see live specimens, consult a professional who will help you choose the right model.
- Convenient transportation. Finished products are packaged in a box made of cardboard, thanks to the possibility of transporting by car.
- Easy installation. Assemble the ladder can be their own hands, it does not need the help of experts. All designs are developed according to a special principle, which makes it easy to carry out an installation.
Wooden ladder cottage recommended to cover lacquer layer
When choosing a ladder to look at the space in the house. It requires simple measurements: determination of the height from floor to ceiling, the size of the opening on the second floor.
A spiral staircase will look more original than march. It is in itself will be a central part of the interior.
Counting plan staircase, it is necessary to choose the medium "parameters" of a person, the foundation will be the height of the stage. The most convenient for the descent and ascent in depth level should be about 24-26 cm.
Construction of stairs summer
On the market today stairs reigns abundance and great opportunities for choice. Depending on the desires you can buy a ladder made of metal, wood, stone or glass. The main element of the ladder is a base, it is the main load.
The peculiarities of the ladder structure can be divided into:
- Line (marching);
- On kosour;
- And rails;
- On the string.
Construction ladder should be chosen depending on the shape of the room in which it will be
Stairs to the second floor are open and closed. There are no open stairs podstupenniki, they look like the air and the light easily passes through the stage.
Safe and convenient operation is in first place in any kind of stairs. If there is a middle-aged person or a child, the step size should not be too high.
In the closed ladder available podstupenniki there, they are installed in the slots; This allows the design to be safe and comfortable.
Exact calculation: staircase to the country with their own hands
Usually homeowners bought a ladder at various firms, private masters. Another option is to buy a blank for the staircase made of wood, which already has a ready-made, marked elements. But with time, desire, skill ladder can be made most.
Before the construction of the stairs need to be careful calculation, design and execution design detailed drawing.
The width of the ladder should be such that on it were free to miss 2 people
How is the calculation:
- It is necessary to define the desired number of steps and the height of the riser. To do this, it turns the height of the ladder, you want to build. The distance measured by the lower points of the first floor to the top of the second floor.
- Further defined march width. Strict criteria are not available, but the number of spans will depend on the place where will be located the ladder. The width of the comfortable minimum is 80 cm.
- The length of the stairs is calculated using the formula: The number of steps * width = stair tread length. The last stage is not taken into account, otherwise it will merge with the floor on the second floor.
- Calculate the height of the clearance above the steps. During the calculations necessary to adhere to the important rule: between each stage and the ceiling should be at least 195 cm.
One march should have no more than 15 steps. If there are more, climbing becomes tedious. Long marches divided into two parts by the middle small platform installation, which is equal to two steps.
Choosing manufacturing rotary ladder, you must carry out the rotation in the other of the supporting leg side.
Construction of two marches are set at an angle, it saves space. All web ladder desirably withstand obliquely 40-45 degrees.
Dacha ladder: types
Ladders are a major engineering construction, which should ensure a comfortable and safe movement of each resident and guest rooms to the second floor. There are various options of stairs (simple and complex), different sizes and price ranges (from economy class to premium).
Dachnye stairs can vary in shape, type and material from which they are made
There are three types:
- March. The most common and easy to manufacture view. Usually it consists of one or more flights, each of which is rectilinear fragment with steps. Odnomarshevaya staircase fits perfectly in a small country house.
- Screw. A small area of the room includes a spiral staircase, which is a support rod. Around him go up the spiral stairs. By area, a classic spiral staircase only occasionally is more than 1 sq. m.
- Combined. It is curved architectural structure in the form of an arc. It carries a propulsion elements and screw type.
Combined options are usually constructed from the ambitions of the designer or homeowner.
It should be remembered that the helical structure is not suitable for houses where there are people in the age or children. It can be dangerous for them.
Odnomarshevye options staircases of pine are the most low-end solution for small country houses and mansion will approach complex structures containing more than one kind of wood.
Children's cottages horizontal bars and ladders
Chalet sports complexes containing the staircase and the horizontal bar are a great opportunity to interest the child in sports. They are easy to place in small areas: suitable yard at home or suburban area.
Children's cottages stairs and horizontal bars can be installed both on the street and in the home
The advantages of such a complex:
- You can teach the child to catch up and learn the different exercises using the horizontal bar;
- The development of strength and agility, the formation of the figure;
- The ease and speed of installation of the complex;
- Safety training through a strong and reliable frame of tubular profiles.
At first, until the child master the complex and get stronger to deal with on their own, parents should watch his workouts.
The best finish for the complex will be a powder paint. This will prevent fading and reduce the impact on the design itself.
Construction of the complex can be carried out independently and at their summer cottage, it is only necessary to make the drawings. Such kits may comprise a mesh trampolines, pears with ropes and even a swing.
Suitable staircase in the country house
Holiday homes in winter is usually empty. There is high humidity, cold, house is unheated. To build a ladder, you need to take into account these factors in considering the design and finish.
For country houses ventilation is not so important, so owners usually choose a closed staircase, which has a riser.
Steps to perfectly fit into the interior, it has to be done in the same style as the room
To the ladder was better ventilation, it is made open, the riser is not available. The structure itself is set slightly away from the wall.
Choosing the type of wood for construction, you should consider:
Do not choose an ash or beech: they are abundant to absorb moisture. It should refrain from the stairs of the materials at his dacha.
Design: how to make a ladder to the country
It does not matter, available construction experience or not, the start of work includes calculations and design. The project should focus on being safe and to create the best conditions for the movement.
If you do not have experience in the construction of stairs, it is better to turn to professionals
There are some common requirements of the project:
- The design is obliged to bear the weight of more than the average weight of a person;
- Stairs should have a fence, their location taken into account at the stage of the project;
- On the fences should be handrails and balusters;
- The construction in height must be deducted for finishing floors of two floors;
- Passage height should be 1.9-2 m .;
- Inner stairs in width should be 0.9-1 m.
If there are children in the house staircase balusters are not shielded, and with the help of a continuous "web" whose material - plexiglass or mesh.
For the three-storey cottage need to install a staircase made of concrete or metal. This will ensure evacuation in case of fire.
If it is assumed in the design error, the entire construction process will be a waste of money and time.
The staircase in the country with their own hands (video)
Stairs are an integral part of any high-rise building, as well as interior decoration. Input stairs - is an element of the building and decorative object. Ladders are placed in homes and cottages on the hillside and in the yard of a country house, and is very popular kitchen-living room, which has a ladder. Everyone can choose for themselves the best option.
Details: stairs to the cottage (photo examples)