Spiral staircases fit perfectly into any room, regardless of the style in which it holds owners duplex apartment or villa are increasingly set spiral staircases. This choice is not surprising, because the circular design has several advantages over the usual marching. The main advantage is a compact that allows the spiral stairs to the second floor in any room. In addition, the simple design can be made with your own hands, with some of the skills of construction work.
Interesting spiral staircases to the second floor for the garden: varieties of designs
Round ladder stage are disposed on the travel spirally. The shape of the tread are close to trapezoidal or triangular, each of which is mounted overlapping the previous one. Due to the particular arrangement of steps is used to move a little more than 50% of their entire length.
Class A spiral staircase treads according to the type of fastening:
- Based upon the wall and pillar;
- Around the support column (console);
- On the bow and fencing (without central support).
Wooden spiral staircases are perfect for a country house, because they have a long service life and low price
The most popular type of attachment - onto the support column, whose diameter should be at least 50 mm. This method allows you to set the structure in any part of the room.
Choosing the type of ladder you should think about the convenience of its further exploitation. The round design is durable and durable, has a small footprint. However, such steps can not rise bulky things. In addition, the movement of the spiral structure may cause difficulties for the elderly and young children.
Half-spiral staircase to the second floor of the design and installation
Half-spiral stairs consist of normal flight of stairs and several winders. This design is easy to move the elderly, as well as for lifting or lowering bulky items. But takes up more space than the screw.
The main advantage of half-spiral staircase - the ability to log the installation anywhere in the room.
As advantages of the structure can also be identified:
- Footprint (semidigger stairs requires less space for installation than the conventional sustainer);
- Choice of lift heights;
- The strength and durability (a small degree of freedom stages prevents loosening and deformation).
Half-spiral staircase due to its size allows you to raise or lower the large items, such as furniture
Installation semidigger ladder starts with fastening of wall kosoura first section. Next is the setting of the retaining post, then - a second part kosoura (level). Then he mounted a support table, which has a slot for the kosoura niche.
After all this, the riser zapilivaetsya under lock and key. Then set kosour second section. Next milled lock grooves, are fixed steps, railings and balustrades. The last step is finishing, which will depend on the chosen material: metal anticorrosive composition, paint or oil - for wood.
Circular staircase to the second floor in the interior
Circular staircase, in addition to its primary purpose, is also one of the main elements of the decor. Therefore, in considering the design should pay attention not only to its structure, but also appearance. The ability to use a variety of materials allows you to mount the ladder that will fit into any home decor.
Designers in the style minimalism and high-tech use in their work simple and concise details. In such an interior fits perfectly metal ladder. The room has a classic style, you can install a wooden structure, which will give the luxury of carved balusters. Stylish and light obtained stairs, where glass steps combined with metal railings.
Circular staircase to enhance the security level recommended to be equipped with a handrail
A special role is given to the design color. If the function of the spiral staircase as a decor element is secondary, the design is done in bright colors. Matte finish will provide additional lightness and invisibility.
Helical structure, which has a special role in the interior, can be performed in dark colors. In this case, it should be combined with the color of furniture and other decorative elements. It is also possible to paint the stairs in a bright tone or make stage in different shades. Such a move would make a helical configuration of a main element of the interior, on which all attention will be drawn.
How to calculate the size of the spiral staircase to the second floor
Deciding to install a spiral staircase, the first thing you need to make calculations and make drawings. The dimensions will depend on the purpose of future construction.
Spiral staircases for purposes of use are divided into:
The main staircase is installed for access to the upper floors of the house. For this construction, the recommended length of steps -. 90 cm aperture size thus should be about 200 cm for the installation of fences and handrails. The recommended diameter of the support - more than 5 cm.
When designing a spiral staircase should make a drawing indicating the dimensions of all the elements
Opening for the main staircase is worth doing more than twice the length of the steps is about 20 cm. The gap between its surface and the handrail 10 cm is suitable for home on the handrail support tenants.
Auxiliary spiral staircase installed to access the basement or the attic space of the house. In this case, steps may be equal to the length of 60 cm at an aperture diameter of 140 cm.
Spiral stairs to the second floor with his hands: the stages of the construction of metal installation
Simple metal ladder, which consists of the steps that are attached to the support, it can be done independently. However, this process requires some knowledge and skills to work with welding machine.
several metal components required to create a spiral staircase:
- Pipe support column (cut off by the distance from the floor to the ceiling of the room);
- Wide tube (size, similar to the previous one);
- The rod from which the attachment will be made;
All elements of the ladders, made of metal, to be protected from the adverse effects of the environment by painting
From the pipe with a large diameter is necessary to cut the sleeve to be secured stage. sleeves length will be equal to the height of the tread.
The sliced cylinders must rest against the support tube. If between the support and the sleeve has a clearance, it is necessary to weld additional rings for sealing.
The corners are cut according to the scheme and the steps are welded to the frame. By steps welded bushings which are then strung on a support. All items are aligned on the drawing and fastened together. Seams sanded, stairs surface is treated. Next install fencing and railing.
Circular staircase to the second floor: the nuances of installation
To a spiral staircase has been installed correctly, and served for a long time, it is important to accurately observe all stages of installation. And listen to the experienced craftsmen who know how to ease the design build process and prolong its service life.
The angle of inclination for the circular staircase should be chosen such that the steps it was convenient to climb the elderly and children
It is not necessary to equip the stage risers. So man up the stairs, be able to fully put his foot in a tight spot. This will eliminate the chance of slipping and feet as a result of falling.
Determine the position of the reference column will help strung cords on the second floor. Ropes should be placed perpendicular to each other on a diagonal. In the resulting center attached plumb line by which projected pivot point on the floor. Support column is desirably set on a concrete pad, so that the design will be more secure.
How are the spiral staircases to the second floor with their hands (video)
The spiral staircase is an excellent solution for duplex apartment or villa. When buying a design should pay attention to its quality and appearance in the assembly - to strictly follow the instructions. Produce and mount the stairs you can own hands. In this case, you must make careful calculations and write a good drawing. Compliance with all the details will yield a result a beautiful and high-quality ladder, which will be a long time to serve and please the eye.
Beautiful spiral stairs to the second floor (photo examples)