Repair ceiling is necessary to begin with a study of its surface: the state of the base layer, cracks and sherohovatosteyS to start repairing the ceiling? Of course, with the analysis of the surface - the form in which the basic ceiling, whether it should align, etc. And the original species may be different - from almost perfect to require alignment. For example, many new seal is required Rust, furrows docking concrete panels.
And only then you can choose the future design, materials, etc. If you are afraid at this stage to make mistakes, invite experts even for diagnosis. They prompt you where to start and what you need to fix, and you for the further course of events will no longer worry about.
Repair of the ceiling in the room: cleaning
First, the ceiling must be prepared to repair. What does that mean - you have to clean it from the old finish. In order to bring the ceiling and can be himself. If the ceiling was whitewashed, painted, plastered or papered, get rid of the coating will not be difficult.
To do this, you need to:
- Take a paint roller and bar, moisten the roller with warm water and a little squeeze;
- Then ride part of the ceiling, from the low-energy natiskivaniya roll finishing stronger pressing against the ceiling;
- As soon as you see that roll again began to dry, dip it in the water again - and again you need to do the same;
- After a couple of square meters of ceiling well to wet, take a tool such as a spatula, and clean whitewash, plaster or wallpaper to putty or concrete base.
First of all, before the repair is carried out preparatory work: cleaning of the ceiling of the old coat of paint
Next you need to do a test - to check the strength of the layer of putty. If it holds up well, do not remove it. If in doubt, remove the putty and apply a new one. But doubts arise if the plaster starts to crumble or flake.
If the ceiling has old paint or tile
Often the ceiling is stained with oil paint or simple vodoemulsionkoy. Remove paint is not so simple. The following methods are commonly used: chemical and mechanical.
Mechanically removing paint can either sandpaper or spatula. But this is not a new technology, process, dusty and long. There are options and easier - is a special remover, it can be bought in a store building materials. When you impregnate the paint stripper, will have to wait 12 hours the paint softens and is easily separated from the surface.
Removal of water-based paint from the ceiling (video)
If the ceiling tile is glued polystyrene
- Rid the ceiling of a cladding may be the same tool with a sharp blade;
- After that, the ceiling can remain part of the glue, but it definitely should be removed, otherwise fail the subsequent repair.
These simple tips just the beginning of the process, called the complex repair of the ceiling. Do not ignore the phase alignment of the ceiling and remove the old finish, they directly affect the way, what will be the strength and reliability of the new ceiling surface.
Proper ceiling repair: a primer and putty
Without these steps to repair the ceiling is almost impossible. The exception is the construction of suspended structures that are "allowed" do not mess with the alignment.
If you proceed in stages, the next stage - a primer:
- First you check the seams and joints in the ceiling, every seam and joint has to be filled with plaster or plaster solution, which is very firmly held there.
- Apply primer to the surface, be sure to - deep penetration, it will improve the adhesion of subsequent finishing.
- The primer is applied by brush or roller.
At the work surface, deep penetration is applied to the primer layer to provide better adhesion between the ceiling of the concrete and subsequent coating
The following tasks can only move when the current phase is fully completed. That is, when the primer has dried. Then you either shpatlyuete or plasterers surface. Each master has its own arguments in favor of one or the other method.
For example, the plaster will reduce by three centimeters height of the room, and by weight it is not lightweight.
As for the filler, it gives greater shrinkage, which requires, respectively, the application of several layers. Plaster work easier, and the time for this alignment process will take less.
And the process of plaster walls and ceiling plaster process is very similar. Complexity is only that the plaster ceiling is physically harder as surface nonvertical.
The sequence of the ceiling painting
If the floor today, consider, do not paint, the ceiling is still possible to transform with paint. Many people mistakenly believe that this is not renovated (though this term does not have an official), but simply a cheap finish. At the root of misconception today can be very nice to paint the ceiling.
Painting the ceiling of coverage start window of the room, moving deeper into the premises
Painting is very simple:
- Dilute the ink composition to an optimal thickness (usually used water-based paints or oil);
- As a tool you need a cushion on a long bar and tassel;
- Paint, start with the edges of their just and necessary, according to the rules, to paint with a brush;
- Entire central area of paint roller.
It happens that the colored ceiling needs partial renovation. In places where the paint swollen or peeled off, you need to clean the spatula. Then this is the place you can paint again. However, such methods are not perfect, the ceiling still would not last long with such partial repairs, have to remove the old finish and paint the ceiling of the new.
Repair ceiling in the house with his own hands: adobe ceiling
Repair adobe ceiling - is to some extent repair. Today, these houses are being built virtually, but still. It is expected that once the house is made of adobe, the ceiling and it is the same. Plaster of adobe and its composition depends on what components are used - sand, clay, organic fillers.
If a high percentage of clay component, then take a fine-grained clay that is easy to mix.
The following materials are needed for the preparation of adobe plaster: water, sand, clay, earth and straw
For plaster need to prepare such a solution: lime, clay and organic additives (proportion - 1 to 1 to 0.5).
Finishing the repair of the ceiling
When on the agenda of the task: "repair the ceiling from the ground up", the work will be long. But what if the construction or major repairs have been completed, and now you just need ideas for finishing.
Gypsum box, for example, can be painted. And not only the white color you have in your arsenal. You will come to the aid of modern types of finishes that can be estimated using the photo gallery.
For example, a very popular now enjoys the unity of the ceiling and floor colors. And the floors, and walls decorated with turquoise paint - most of the elements in the interior should be light. And a little bit, just a little dark color is used. Turquoise, then, oddly enough, will not be repressed. And come to the fore delicate soft colors of furniture and textiles, and turquoise ideally obuyutit room.
Do not be afraid and liquid wallpaper for finishing the ceiling, with those made by their own hands. Use paper, sawdust, paint mix themselves to produce the desired color scheme. Trendy interior - it's always a bit of an original interior that represents your tastes, your preferences and your aesthetic ideal.
Proper ceiling painting (video)
Apartment ceiling repair can be the easiest - the removal of old coatings and for example, painting. And may include alignment that takes a lot of time. Pick high-quality materials, follow the instructions and do not be afraid of bold decisions.
Good luck in repair!