The proper design depends on the ladder safety and comfort during its ekspluatatsiiProektirovanie ladder in a private home - a complex process that includes determining the length and width of the flight of stairs, the angle of rotation and tilting construction, dimensional characteristics and the number of stages. Sometimes without the knowledge of mathematics, geometry and architecture, to make calculations on their own can be difficult. For help, in this case, can come online and offline programs for the design. What services should we use to produce precise, visible results - read the article.
What should include drawing and calculation ladders
In order to create the project ladder on a sheet paper or a graphical editor necessary, first, to make calculations basic design values: the march width and length, height and inclination angle ladder, steps dimensional characteristics. This can be done both by the formulas and do calculations, and through automatic programs for calculation of stairs.
Driving any type of ladder should include the designation of all the parameters of the flight of stairs, which are responsible for the comfortable and safe ascent and descent
Key components of the design, leading to the second floor, which must contain the ladder diagram:
- Location in terms of design;
- construction type (angular, sustainer, helical, etc.);
- The height and angle of inclination of the ladder;
- Number of stages (primary and winder, if the presence thereof involves design);
- The width of the tread and riser height of each individual step;
- The dimensions of the inlet stage.
In some drawings denote supports and pillars, and kosour string, riser type (direct, Radius, etc.).
All values must be conditioned to the same scale (1: 100, 1:50).
Calculation of the stairs with the help of design software: Benefits
To design to get comfortable, reliable and safe, and gather it was not difficult, all calculations must be accurate. Even slight deviations from the norm or not keeping any parameters (e.g., not making a circuit string width) may complicate the construction assembly, cause the cost of the material and means for rework. As for the professional construction programs, the probability of error in the calculation here is reduced to zero: the program takes into account everything, even the smallest details and perfectly adheres to building codes and standards.
Calculations using automatic computing mechanisms are implemented much faster than computing, human-
However, the calculation using the software enables to obtain a bulk structure model, which can be seen at different angles; It provides ample opportunity for instant change parameters and allows the ladder away from standard charts and drawings.
Popular program for the design of stairs
At present, there is a huge variety of both online and offline programs for designing different types of ladders. They differ according to the principle of work, the method of presenting the results, interface language. The most popular and convenient to consider programs that have been designed for specific purposes. For example, in AutoCAD, you can draw a perfect three-dimensional model of the stairs, but you have to make advance payments on their own settings. At that time, as specialized programs perform all calculations automatically and require only the input source data space.
The computer program for the design of stairs to recreate the design of any type
To date, the following programs are considered the most comfortable:
- Stairdesigner. It is a versatile program for creating structures of various types (angular, screw, propulsion, etc.) of various materials (marble, wood, stone, concrete, etc.). Calculations in the program are based on formulas Blondeylya, architectural norms and principles. The resulting 2 and 3D models contain all the constituent elements (railings, pillars, steps, etc.) and their dimensioning. Scheme can easily print or convert to AutoCAD and modify it.
- Consultec Staircon - a program designed for 3D-visualization, automatic recalculation of the estimate, installation and control of manufacturing steps. CONSULTEC, although it belongs to the category of professional, but requires a minimum of system resources, and its interface is not only intuitive, but also performed in Russian, which is a tangible advantage. The results obtained in the design process results can be adjusted according to their own wishes.
- Staircase Compass - is an effective tool that has an extensive library of mechanisms for building and assembling stairs (SNIP system, welding, etc.). And the presence of several variants of models allows you to choose the design that will fit into the interior of the well.
All calculations are made in the programs in accordance with international and national safety standards, building codes and engineering advice.
Download software, you can quickly and free of charge, using the Internet Protocol Torrent.
Designer stairs Sema
Sema - convenient, multifunctional, building program, which has been specially modified for the design of staircases and creating three-dimensional models of future designs.
«Sema» - is a professional designer, which opens up opportunities for the design of stairs that meet all quality and safety standards and your individual wishes
Sema main differences from other similar programs are:
- Wide library (Sema can offer not only the wooden stairs connection for installation, but also plastic fasteners, dowels, joints, brackets);
- The possibility of introducing external images and plans of premises in the project;
- The possibility of combining different types of structures;
- The preview function;
- software integration with the equipment for processing and assembling stairs elements (templates for creating stairs, you can automatically transfer the program to the CNC machines).
Calculation of the stairs 3d online
To design and create a ladder of her three-dimensional model is possible without installation of programs, with only a connection via the Internet. To do this, use the online program for the simulation.
Services for 3D calculations ladders allow you to quickly recreate the design of comfortable and safe ladder and calculate its cost
Often, for the construction must specify:
- Staircase type (straight or curvilinear);
- The dimensional characteristics of the opening (length, width);
- The width and length of the structure;
- The desired number of steps (if the design suggests that the number of winder and lower steps).
In addition to the visual result, some designers derive online text references (eg, "Stairs LS-225m is suitable for lifting to a height of 2.7 to 2.8 meters") and building design drawings showing all the dimensional values in the metric system, the total number of steps , name of manufacturing material.
AutoCAD - staircase (video)
Today, everyone has the ability to simply, quickly and efficiently build an accurate, three-dimensional model of the stairs with his hands. This is accomplished through building online and offline programs that not only provide a clear future project stairs, but also perform complex calculations taking into account the optimal values for the comfortable and safe operation of the structure. Program do not limit the imagination and do not put frames allow you to combine different kinds of designs in order to achieve maximum comfort and spectacular type of ladder. All that remains - is to decide on their own preferences!