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Maps and Cityscapes
People and the Humanities

Introduction

In Joe Rosenthal's photo of the Iwo Jima flag raising on February 23, 1945, Ira Hayes (a Pima Indian) is not quite reaching the flag, his pose an unintended symbol of his inability to secure basic rights after returning home to New Mexico. The presence of Hayes in this staged event also came to symbolize ethnic integration. Courtesy National Archives (80-G-413988). From Paul C. Rosier, ""They Are Ancestral Homelands": Race, Place, and Politics in Cold War Native America, 1945-1961," The Journal of American History March 2006 www.historycooperative.org/journals/jah/92.4/rosier.html (17 Jan. 2008).

This week we take up where we left off in Year Two, with the Northwestern home front during WWII. In the Lecture by Professor Michael Mayer (approx. 45 minutes), we learn about the way the war changed lives nationally and regionally and how life stayed the same, as well as which groups most benefited from the economic mobilization brought by the war.

Maps & Cityscapes takes up the topic of the Tacoma Salishan housing project and asks why it was named as it was. Here you will also find some WWII posters and an article on Jeannette Rankinís vote against the war. Tribal Perspectives deals with the role of American Indians during the war and the founding of the National Council of American Indians (NCAI).

In People and the Humanities we present biographies of Milton S. Eisenhower, who organized the War Relocation Authority (WRA) and Alfredo Cipolato, and Italian intern at Fort Missoula. We also look at Dr. Seussís political cartoons during the war. The Research section presents our top reading and viewing picks on this topic.

Assignment suggestions for this week’s content include:

  • How wars change societies, but also the ways societies stay the same in the face of military crisis.
  • How sudden economic reversal on a massive scale (either a sudden crash as during the Depression or sudden economic mobilization as during WWII) changes or does not change the culture or politics of a country.
  • What kind of events can change the way we self-identify and why? What will cause differing tribes, for example (In the United States, Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, or anywhere that has different ethnic or tribal groups in conflict with each other and a national power) to begin to identify as a group? Alternately, what will cause such an identification to fragment, as we have recently seen in places such as Kenya