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Week Eleven: Economic Growth and Development

Gardiner Park Co., Montana, Looking North East, 1887. National Archives.

This week covers a tremendous range of material – all related to the causes and effects of economic growth. Professor Fritz’s lecture (~35 minutes) focuses on the development of extractive economies throughout the region, and looks in particular at the mining industry. Central to his lecture is the question, “to what degree was the Pacific Northwest an economic colony; and, to what degree was it dependent and under outside control?” These questions are arguably still worthy of consideration today.

The Maps page presents four beautifully detailed maps that illustrate the new economic activity and developments throughout the region during this time period.

In Tribal Perspectives, we’ve selected video segments that illustrate the consequences of this new economic growth from the vantage of the tribes it affected. As new resources were discovered, Indians were displaced and relocated, often with no regard to the costs in terms of their sense of place, or their ways of life.

In the People section this week, we’ve included the story of Fanny Kelly, one of the more well known women arrivals to the area. Under the Art and Literature resources, we’ve presented several excerpts from works that examine economic development, and especially the salmon fishery. You will find no better statement about the changing relationship between man and nature than the photograph of mountainous stacks of canned salmon that’s shown here.

On the Research page, we’ve directed you towards the three land grant acts of 1862, in order to help define the new pressures and incentives that will affect the Pacific Northwest region. Also, we’ve highlighted a website that will give you access to the 1870 census data that’s available in your state. It’s our hope that you will mine, fish, and till these resources, for all their worth, as you undertake a study about the topic of economic growth and development during this era.

A parting quote for the week:

Behind the squaw’s light birch canoe,
The steamer rocks and raves;
And city lots are stacked for sale
Above old Indian graves.
-- Front page of the Washington Standard, Sept. 30, 1865


Lecture Maps People Research Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 4 Unit 5