Tips from the professionals: how to install wooden stairs with his hands
Wooden ladder is possible to build with their own hands, adhering to certain pravilV an apartment house and the attic ladder is a necessary attribute of the architecture for communications facilities, located on adjacent floors. It is also useful in two-storey townhouses and cottages. It needs to provide the convenience and safety, well it fits into the interior of the house. If you fail to comply with the necessary regulations or neglect mathematical calculations, the staircase will be built crooked, and will need to spend a large sum of money to change everything. Should be guided by the required construction standards.
Installation of wooden stairs in your home
Modular stairs do not require you to huge costs. You only need to collect the product from the finished parts, performing all the necessary instructions provider. There are kits that ensure the production of screw or stairway. Attached is a complete set of fasteners and the necessary structures. If you are a novice or first-time builder build a wooden ladder, then no one will advise you to do a screw option.
With limited space in an apartment is better to entrust the matter to professional builders. Installers you do everything on state standards and building codes.
A simpler option is to build a stairway
Or you can choose a gentle look. Installing a gentle vehicles on the second floor will require a lot of space. But up and down convenient. For a small space in your home to do the ladder half-pace. The width of the stairs should be at least 1 meter, so you can bring home a big furniture and large equipment.
Most do repair even the simplest stairs beyond the power of the novice. However, if you have already made one or more ladders in accordance with the above instructions, you can try a more difficult task: creating a spiral staircase with his hands.
Installation: wooden stairs with his hands
First of all, you need to design the stairs. Mistakes at the stage of planning and preparation materials are the cause of failure in subsequent phases. We offer to do the stairs, with riser to construction held steady. This is best done using a ladder stringers.
Before the construction should be designed staircase
Must have the correct dimensions of these elements:
- Tilt angle;
- The width of the riser.
Determine the height of the staircase, this board is held horizontally as the start of construction. Adjusting the board, measure the height of the staircase. That level is not hanging in the air, it is necessary to secure the tape to the board. A suitable embodiment is, if the inclination angle is not more than 37 degrees. The steepness of the 45 ° will be inconvenient for the descent. And if the inclination angle is less than 30 °, then the stairs will be dangerous to walk. The width of the steps taken by the average length of the human foot. The height is chosen from simple height calculation step. Riser can be made of any coniferous trees.
Handwritten manufacture and installation of wooden stairs
To produce stringers take pine board 40mm wide. Stringers - the main part of the staircase, which when walking accounts for a large part of the total load. Draw the curve designed in accordance with steps. Thereafter, markings applied to the boards and electrical prongs are cut jigsaw. All items must be symmetrical.
Care should be taken to ensure that all elements of the ladder are symmetrical
Therefore, by making one kosour, you use it as patterns for the production of others. The greater the load-bearing structures, the better. Therefore, it is desirable to have four kosoura.
When you cut them all, was treated by a plane, you have to attach the stringers.
If necessary, make the dismantling of what could be an obstacle for mounting to a wall or floor. At the very bottom of the ladder will be located bar. It take several recesses for the stringers, or kosour Cut the corners for mounting. On the ceiling is also necessary stringers securely. Origin kosour attached directly to the wall. The supporting bars on the floor and on the ceiling must be properly secured. The stronger, the better. Stringers must be disposed parallel to each other. Then you can deal with the stairs.
Installation of wooden stairs to the second floor
You can buy ready-made stage (or tread the same thing) and risers in the building supermarket. Take a price list, select the product of high quality and inexpensive material. It is possible as an option to saw itself or trusted installers.
Standard step should have a certain standard and different from the width of the staircase being built between the two stringers. That is, the width to be 30cm, length ranging 80-120sm and the thickness of 3-4cm.
I high-quality wooden stairs have certain standards
Now you can collect the stairs. It is necessary that the risers have good strength to be protected from moisture. Blanks must be attached to the stringers with screws and nails. They all need to fix. You can then attach the tread nails and screws so that the hats were in the depths of the wood and did not speak.
How to fix the ladder post and balusters
To ensure the strength of the ladder and fence constructions for supporting columns are placed. Often tree does not guarantee from pillar cracks, sometimes subject to deformation. So if you are making your own hands the ladder poles, you will need two straight boards that need to be glued to each other. Usually used as a standard item in the column, which is made on the machine.
The base column should be sized so that the so-called square were fixed handrails. A pillar for the support should have such standards: height dimension 1000 - 13000mm, the size of a cross section of 70 × 120 × 70mm to 120mm. It is desirable in the store to buy poles and handrails.
The last stage of the construction of wooden stairs is its painting or varnishing
At the extreme parts of the stages is done counting, which will be installed balusters and posts for support. Next drilled hole. After that, they inserted dowel which protrude approximately 15mm. Further, the baluster drill holes are made. The pillars are set at the beginning and end of the stairs. Grounds balusters are lubricated with glue and pushed onto the dowel. Balusters are arranged in a vertical position parallel to each other. We are waiting for the glue dries.
After that, the railing made. You need to file down the edge angle. Railing balusters stick to, then it is necessary to fasten the bottom with a thin screw. The support pole installed at the bottom of the last. At the end of a tree is applied varnish. We can use the paint in order to staircase was dark brown.
Quick repair of a wooden ladder: Conclusion
Once again, watch the video to repair rules. You can always trust business builders. Will help you to repair if something went wrong. Errors can not be tolerated because it is wrong renovated staircase can bring injury. Or you can go to court in the manufacture of stairs with the help of the builders you in trauma because of the collapse of the structure.
Repair of wooden stairs sometimes requires a complete replacement of the steps
Even if you did everything right, and you will help the builders, every thing requires repair. A wooden staircase, as well. The need to get rid of old varnish will bring little hassle. But sometimes it is necessary to completely renovate the stage. It is possible to dismantle them and put new ones. If you decide to repair the ladder, then you should take into account such factors as the degree of wear and material possibilities.
Chants of aluminum come in handy to get rid of uneven steps.
Unsplit profiles difficult to use, what you yourself do not. Detachable profile makes installation easy.
Installation of wooden stairs (video)
If steps have begun to creak, likely moving mating parts. This may be due to increased moisture in the building. There are phenomena such as leakage roof of the house and not only. Between the two friction surfaces is necessary to lay elastic mass with the inner side of the staircase. In any case, you are doing yourself or with assistance, ask for help to the installers.
Successful you repair!