Stairway to recommended cellar made of metal or wood, treated with varnish or other means of protecting the staircase is one of the main elements of the basement structure. It must meet specific requirements: it must be not only durable, but also quite easy to go up and down with her weight. Therefore, the staircase in the cellar with their hands shall be manufactured in compliance with all safety regulations. Properly selected and securely fixed ladder will be operated for many years without the need for repair or replacement.
The choice of materials for the manufacture of stairs
During the construction of the basement you need to think in advance about how some of the building materials will be made staircase. This will depend on the complexity of the manufacturing, financial expenses, as well as life of the structure.
The most popular materials are:
Wood has a relatively low cost, easy processing and installation of wooden stairs will not take long. If the handle of the board special antiseptic solution, the duration of the operation of construction will increase by several times, because the tree will not be exposed to microorganisms.
Select the material for the ladder should be, based on the load which will be assigned to it
Metal ladder can withstand a greater load, and its service life is much higher than that of wood. The cellar can be installed as a finished ladder, and cook it yourself, having made an advance. To prevent corrosion, the finished design should be covered with primer or 3-4 layers of oil paint or enamel.
Concrete stairs requires considerable financial costs in manufacturing, but the service life is long enough. This design generally take up much space, so this option is not acceptable for small cellars.
How to make the stairs to the cellar with their hands from a tree
To design was robust and easy to properly carry out all the necessary calculations.
There are several points that must be considered when designing stairs. If this is not done, the ladder can get uncomfortable and enjoy it is not safe.
The parameters that should be considered in the design:
- Width. The optimum width of the stairs is a distance of 70-100 cm, but if allows the size of the cellar, it can be more wide staircase.
- Bias. The most convenient is to go down the stairs, where the slope is less than 45 degrees. Maybe it will take more space than the design with a steeper slope, but down on it will be much safer.
- Lumen. This term refers to the height of the steps up to the ceiling. It should be at least 190 - 200 cm, so that even tall people do not hit your head on the ceiling.
- The height and width of the step. The width of the steps may vary from 25 to 30 centimeters and the height should not be more than 22 centimeters.
Before the start of production of the stairs to the cellar of wood worth watching training videos with master classes
After performing the calculations necessary to make schematic drawing stairs, and then thereunder raschertit and sawing boards. Further it is possible to proceed to assemble the structure.
Made of wood, you can also make a ladder. You do not need a lot of time, and is not required nor any special calculations. We need to take two long boards and several crossbeams and tie them to the boards with screws or nailed at regular intervals.
design drawback is that such a ladder can not be considered absolutely safe and it is strictly forbidden to go down with the load.
Why often set in the cellar metal ladder
Basically, in the cellars there is high humidity, so the wooden structures may quickly come into disrepair. Therefore it is expedient to equip a cellar metal or concrete stairs. Installation iron staircase, unlike concrete, does not take a lot of time, especially if you use ready-made frame. It can be installed in already built a cellar, while at the same time a concrete staircase built with a basement.
Among the advantages of metal stairs it is worth noting the strength and long service life
Advantages of metal ladders:
- High resistance to stress;
- Long service life;
- Wide design possibilities;
- The corrosion resistance;
- Quick and inexpensive repair;
- Stability to temperature and atmospheric conditions.
Metal perfectly combinable with any building materials, so brick or concrete basement can be equipped with a metal ladder.
What should be a convenient staircase to the cellar
Most ideal choice for the cellar will be odnomarshevaya staircase with handrails and a slight slope, on which will be comfortable to go down, even the elderly.
Wooden steps varnish is not recommended to avoid slipping. In addition, they can attach a special rubber lining.
To the ladder was comfortable, its slope should be about 45 degrees
In metal ladders must be grooved or covered with a hammer spraying stage. They can also attach anti-slip rubber band.
Concrete steps can be completely slip lay lay a rubber coating or special tiles, which does not slip even at high humidity.
All structural elements must be secured. Hats of nails or screws utaplivajut deeply into the material, so that they can not be accidentally catch.
How fast do the stairs to the cellar with their hands (video)
Make a ladder in the cellar with their hands is not so difficult, if you follow all the advice and recommendations on the choice of materials and product calculations. The service life and safety of the structure depends on the quality of installation, so everything has to be done carefully and thoroughly.
A convenient staircase to the cellar (photo examples)