Schemes for lockutnogo sewing under the different techniques
Patchwork - a patchwork that allows you to create a variety of products from multi-colored pieces of cloth patchwork currently gaining popularity again. Interior, clothing patchwork - a very original solution, but for beginners it is a complex form of needlework. Therefore it is very important to know the number of certain rules with which the training (how to make a patchwork sewing) will pass with ease.
The history of patchwork quilt
It is believed that quilting originally appeared in the age-old India. However, this method is patented and dubbed it as a patchwork - in England, at the beginning of the 20th century. But in his time sewing it is used to save material. We are talking about those times when simply did not exist automated plants and factories for the production of textiles, and the fabric was mined by hand-work.
The history of occurrence of patchwork takes its source in those times, when the concept of slaves existed on the planet more. It is they sewed their own clothes from old leftovers. Well, after this patchwork turned into a full-fledged branch design.
Any thing, made in a patchwork style is original, colorful and original
As for Russia, there is a patchwork actively spread already in the 60-70-ies, when the streets of the USSR were first ladies, and many publishers have begun to actively distribute the magazines on fashion. There and published a simple patchwork schemes that have become quite popular very quickly among young girls and women who previously could not afford for some reason put something such radically different from the Soviet-style.
Now patchwork remains as popular, though more used in knitting. The advantages of this method are several:
- Material savings. After all, you can really just use scraps of old left over from sewing other things.
- Simplicity. Elementary patchwork is not anything difficult even for those skilled workers who have only recently become friends with a sewing machine and knitting.
- Unfettered imagination. Indeed, the final result depends on the desires of the needlewoman. Use because the scheme - not necessarily.
Patchwork style: what it is
So, as has been said above, patchwork - a kind of patchwork. The simplest example - a rectangle folded flaps and just sew them together along the inside edge. Thus obtained either napkin or a simple blanket. Some style to use is not necessary. Although predominantly used in patchwork sewing flat geometrical figures, or circle (semicircle) with smooth bends. That is, Quilt lessons include mostly only the ability to properly combine colors and make a smooth stitching.
In fact, this is a patchwork sewing, in which a combination of tissue is relatively the same type, but different colors. The technique can be different, using strips, ties or simply abstraktsionnogo combination, but the end result is similar.
What fabrics are best for patchwork? So, these are the following tissues:
- wool (especially for knitting);
For Patchwork work best fabrics of cotton, which does not shrink in the wash and relatively durable
Synthetics are generally not used. By the way, if you use silk, and there can be used boron - a subspecies of patchwork, performed when the patch patches.
Types patchwork quilt
Patchwork directly for its intended purpose, involves an overlay of smaller patches at large. That is, the sewing can be carried out even on paper. Connect Edge performed a simple line, though possible and stitch. But there are other kinds of patchwork. Conventionally, all of them refer to as quilting. It includes the same borough, appliqué, patchwork. The end result - a puzzle, and the way in which it will be connected - this is a secondary fact. By the way, we can mention that the quilt is now even used in the decoration of furniture, and directly involves the creation of a patchwork just clothing or bed linen.
On this basis, patchwork is divided into:
- crochet patchwork (indicate it separately, because the technique radically different).
Patchwork knitting actually is not. It used yarns of different colors, but the same thickness. Naturally, the material is also chosen the same. Make binding of different yarn - it is quite a difficult task with which newcomers often can not cope. The most difficult thing to do there is translation and tie with a flap on the second. That is, it is necessary to calculate the exact number of loops along the edge. The compound is advantageously used air through the loop.
The main differences knitted patchwork - is:
- coupling through a diagonal (in the case of square and triangle, for example);
- on the edge of the allocated a separate 1 loop (ie, there will be a set of loops with a bias on one side);
- patches do not connect, and communicate via air loop.
Knitted patchwork - a technique of drawing up of whole cloth by bonding motifs in different colors and textures
Crochet patchwork was used to create designer clothes. It is best to use wool, although permitted, and other yarn.
Patchwork style: embroidery on paper
Oddly enough, but on paper sewing patchwork originates in Russia. It was here that he first used needlewoman, putting into practice the technique of flying geese or well. Later all this resulted in the so-called Bargello, which is a combination of all of these applied techniques. Sewing basis - is to create a sketch on paper and making holes at the edge. It will be located on the inner side.
The advantage of this technology - the ability to use a sewing machine. Plus, the line for the connection to be ready in advance.
With the help of patchwork technique can create extravagant and exclusive items for the house: pillows, blankets on the furniture, bedspreads
So, on paper, sewing with the following algorithm:
- Outline blanks. By the way, not necessarily that the dimensions are exactly the same markup. It is assumed that one part of the flap will be hidden under the other. All the same, this will not be noticeable.
- Unfold the flaps in order of connection.
- The connection parts of the product.
Should start sewing from the bottom of the canvas. New sewn to the upper direction, and the last flap of drape or simply wrapped (for example, if it is a baby blanket).
Quilting: different implementation technique
Quilting can be used not only with the paper. For example, napkins generally do two right sides. Here it is necessary to create two paintings, which are simply connected by a face in the future. It will be easier to use the technique in general flying geese, when one end of the product simply bent into the inner edge and there is already hidden.
And in the shops of textile products all sold kits for patchwork. Their structure already includes a set of patches sewn to make enough in the right order. There is also a primitive scheme for tailoring the same shawls, bedspreads, pillowcases for the pillows. For beginners - this is the best option.
Schemes patterns for patchwork
A separate techniques of patchwork - a huge amount. They are created now. The most popular among them are:
- American squared;
- a pineapple.
The same maze, for example, was originally invented in Russia. A little later there was a checkerboard, which is performed identically, but bands of two different colors (white, gray or beige canvas).
Potholder patchwork own hands (video)
For beginners it is better to start training with a hundred or hexagons. This is both not a simple task, but not as easy as simple squares. The most difficult part is just a sketch preparation and appropriate patches. And, of course, to accept a patchwork of different techniques in one product. Here this technique is different from a simple cut. Master can combine different combinations of flaps, with a monotone color or existing designs. And in most cases, the resulting fabric will look very attractive, despite the fact that the sketch for the most part - it is chaotic compound grafts without any symmetry.
Schemes sewing patchwork embroidery (photos)