Quilt: how to sew, how to select pattern
Quilt - bright decoration for your domaLoskutnoe blanket - it is one of the simplest products in patchwork, as to create it is not necessary to use complex shapes and transitions. You can take as a basis the elementary rectangle, stripes or diamond, triangle (which later will be drawn squares).
Patchwork history of occurrence
Quilts sewn virtually the moment the general appeared linens. It was a kind of low-cost opportunity to get a full blanket used to create it all sorts of pieces of tissue. Much later, the technology began to be called as a patchwork (only in the early 20th century), but its essence remains the same - to create unique and bright colorful compositions.
Unique, colorful and bright composition will decorate your home
Now quilting is considered as one of the most exciting and modern, taking into account trends. Cultivated such thing as art-house, hand-made, and in just a patchwork fantasy and their own vision of beauty - above all else.
Basis of patchwork is:
- Creating a colored composition of the pieces of fabric.
- Crosslinking with edge flaps at the inner side (front - one).
- The shape grafts need not be flat. You can use each of them, even with a different shape.
- fabric material may also be different, but it is desirable - uniform texture.
History mentions the fact that the patchwork, in principle, was born at the moment of yarn and thread, which is confirmed by archaeological finds. Conventionally, it is believed that quilting in Tsarist Russia began to use in the 17th century, when several pieces of fabric sewn hem and cape for kings. The same method was used then the peasants for clothing, which could not afford to buy or make yourself whole cloth, and for this they had to take just old stock of flaps cut clothes.
How do I stitch quilt
Stitch is performed on the inner side. Not difficult to guess that the final embodiment will crosslinked flap 2, which are joined together along the edge indented by 1.5 centimeters.
So, where to begin assembly of flaps? Of course, by making a sketch. To do this, someone is using a simple draft, someone - a specialized computer program. Here, as you wish. It is advisable to divide the finished sketch into numbered squares. Similarly, it will be collected and the finished fabric.
Do not forget that in fact should get a duvet cover. You can keep a slot for the possibility of changing the filler? In principle, not necessary if the blanket itself is sewn from a durable fabric that does not let dust. According to this principle is now made almost all the mattresses.
For the same, the final stitch to get the original and colorful, it is recommended:
- each flap before crosslinking carefully ironed the edges;
- enjoy sewing machine (manual work will take a considerable time, and the seam will not perfectly flat);
- it is best to prepare large patches of stripes, and only then sew them in the whole web.
If you plan to add the product to any patterns, it is best to place them in the center of the blanket.
If you take as a basis the size of 140 by 110 centimeters (classic version for baby blankets), the central square is about 30 to 30 or 40 by 40 centimeters.
Surround quilt: Options
Quilted warm blanket can be created in two ways. Classic - the use-insulation lining. This is the easiest option. Heavier - is to use a cotton lining, for which you will be binding and the blanket. This quilt will be universal - in the winter, you can add to it a filler in the summer - to clean it.
Which filler is suitable for volume blanket? As a rule, for this purpose:
Moreover, the texture may be a wool, and-wool (synthetic). There have each needlewoman make their own choices based on their preferences.
Filler blankets surround each needlewoman selects itself
Edging is a classic - with indented 1.5 cm. It is necessary to take into account more and filler thickness and conditionally add it to the final track.
Naturally, the filler can be filed in blocks, so you do not have to constantly correct it. But in this case the incision to replace the filler is clearly not necessary, so the face of the fabric sewn along the edge.
Since the volume blanket - double-sided, then the thumbnails will, of course, two. It is better to divide the product into several parts and the first flap prepare sets of them - two separate canvases.
A compound all parts should be started with a higher front side (where harvested edge). It is desirable to lay everything on a hard surface, carefully paying attention to the folds. If there is - the canvas to be smooth again.
Then crushes filler and pinned on the guide pins. If necessary - stitched to the cotton lining. The last stage - a line along the edge of the rear blade. Here, everything is easy, if the first steps have been performed correctly.
The patterns for patchwork: Ideas
There are more than 150 variations patchwork patterns. For example, a technique where each flap is of irregular shape, is conventionally called as "crazy". If you use a tile, the arable land (if there is branching interlacing bands). That is, the primary layer will consist of squares, and has performed top stripe patterns.
From classical variations should still mention the "flying geese", "well", "frame" (these have appeared in Russia in the mid-60s). By the way, in America there is a technique for creating patterns in the patchwork that is referred to as the "pineapple". In fact - this is the same frame, only for decoration used two contrasting tape that sewed in the form of what some geometric shapes across the blanket plane (and can only be on one side). And, of course, the fabric does not have to be the same texture. The basis is usually tough and ribbon stitching - "gloss".
This is one of the few designs that you can use for your blanket
What are the best ideas for patterns? Of the most common:
- American squared;
- arable land;
Originally invented them in the west, but later they are "moved" to the Russian and craftswomen. But these - this is only 2-3 per cent of all the techniques used, as you can see from the photos that are published in magazines in cut and sew.
And nobody forbids to create a unique pattern abstraktsionny! That this is the main advantage of patchwork - no restrictions are used in principle.
The final product - is the embodiment of imagination of the author and his alone. For beginners, it is desirable to use a simple model - a sewing squares or flat strips. For those who already have some experience in dealing with the sewing machine, the ideal option - it is in the style of patchwork "crazy." But professionals can already create the most complex composition combining several patterns. But it's really pretty heavy machinery that requires some skill to yourself.
Pattern Quilt: preparation flaps
Not necessarily used for sewing quilts already prepared patches. Because they can be fabricated and independently, for example, from old clothes. Original for this purpose will be jeans, cotton and linen. With them, incidentally, is quite simple.
Before you start to embroider quilt, prepare a sketch of the work to be performed
Plans for a quilt made of simple geometric figures. The layout is best done on the sketch. You can use scraps from a single patchwork. These blanks are sold in stores even textiles.
It is only necessary to take into account:
- final form should be smooth faces;
- clipping is better to do a tailor with a knife or scissors, the same;
- to the planned size of the patches is better to add the width of the tape measure - for joints.
Variations of the stitches can be used the most courageous, ranging from simple stapling tiles or mosaics, finishing decorative stitches.