The most popular and popular material for the manufacture of ladders is bukPosle being selected form the stairs, it is necessary to determine the material. Steps in the building must be made of durable material, despite the fact that the external environment in the building has not a big influence. Decoration type must be selected, taking into account the convenience, reliability and security. The surface of the boards to be machined and to provide a secure grip to the shoe sole. It is necessary to pay attention to the elimination of the slip surface.
Stairs from the array
The popularity of wood as the basic material for the production of staircases of private houses, lies in the fact that the solid wood, fully eco-friendly material.
Many people prefer to choose the stairs in beech, as they are characterized by ecological and health safety
The main advantages of solid wood:
- health safety. Natural wooden array, breathable material.
- Reliability. Constructions of this material are in the homes of more than one generation.
- Naturalness. Living Tree creates an atmosphere of a happy home, warm and cozy.
- ease of processing. Wood web easily served processing, and from a form any shape.
- Individual ornaments. Each array has a wood pattern. This is a unique pattern. Accordingly, there is no need for additional decor ladder.
It is believed that the array is more expensive than a laminated or composite material. Maybe it is so. But, not all breeds highly expensive. For example, arrays of birch, ash, alder, pine and larch are not particularly expensive.
But there is a negative - it's the overall severity of the design. Accordingly, it is necessary to focus on the foundation of the house or beams, the possibility of laying pallet amplifiers.
Wooden stairs Beech
The cost of material from beech is not very high, despite the fact that this breed is considered valuable. The material is endowed with beautiful texture, and it is famous for its durability. The big plus is possible to consider that the ladder of beech possible to paint. This ladder will not only carry out their direct functions, but also is a great decoration item. Wealth and sophistication ladder of beech is not inferior to oak staircase, but differ substantially in material cost.
Advantages of wooden stairs that it is reliable and practical
is an advantage:
- This material is safe for the health of residents of the building;
- Wide color gamut material, the dark colors brick color to pale yellow, that gives the opportunity to choose the ladder on the color palette to any interior without having tinting or dyeing;
- The main advantage is considered to be the strength of the material, due to its structure made of beech staircase to withstand frequent heavy loads.
Frequent repairs such steps are not necessary, only periodic cosmetic.
But there is a material and negative - it does not tolerate abrupt climate shift. The sharp increase in humidity can lead to misalignment of the web.
Material for stairs made of wood
There are several species, the most common trees in Russia, stairs of which are popular.
They vary in their structure and price, the choice of a breed must be done very carefully, thoroughly studied this or that kind of wood. Rocks can be elite and economical.
Due to its low cost and demand are stairs from pine species
The main characteristics of the most popular wood species:
- Pine. The main feature of this breed are available. Possible purchase of any shape and size. Readily undergoes treatment. It does not require the use of special tools, since it is not very hard rock. Working with her is not even a professional. The main drawback - not enough hardness and yellowing that comes with time. Last drawback correct enough before the assembly process the fabric with special means.
- Birch. Stronger than pine. Wear resistance allows a ladder to serve a long time. The main problem - a strong knotty array. Thus, to prepare such a material is very difficult. In this situation, used a birch veneer, or it is combined with a sheet of plywood. The structure of the paintings are very different, more or less suitable drawing board to find impossible. Possible to build a ladder with a small number of boxes.
Beech easily processed. A small price policy. Is close to oak beech array of basic characteristics. But the material is quite moody.
How is the ladder of plastic pipes with their own hands
Ladder - an indispensable tool in everyday life. Build a ladder their hands very easily. Can use the materials at hand. Time will be spent is not a lot. And when necessary to reach the required height on a ladder handy.
Install a simple ladder can be their own hands, if it is made of PVC pipes
Eight nuances that must be considered in the process of manufacturing the stairs:
- You can select the PVC pipe. This design is very easy.
- Move the ladder will be very easy, but watch out for it to be accurate.
- Recommended diameter polypropylene pipes should be about 50 mm.
- Plastic pipe is not the most durable material, respectively, choose the stairs increased strength parameters.
- The width of the beams must be narrower than that of a material of high strength.
- Without metal profiles. sheet strength and high general construction will not be large.
- For joining parts of different directions, horizontal and vertical bars, use the tees.
- All nodes requires careful approach.
It is especially important not to divide the vertical bar, respectively, to connect several tubes to create a vertical or horizontal is not necessary. Pipes must be solid.
Luxury staircase of solid
Elite stair from the array are very popular. Different ladders such excellent abrasion resistance, perfect quality and the fact that they can be attributed.
Beautiful wooden staircase elite not only decorate the room, but will make its interior is more refined
- Environmentally friendly;
- Production on individual characteristics;
Ash - a very hard material. Strongly expressed structure. But in this situation, drawing on the fan. Someone such diversity seems attractive, but for some it will be a minus. It is difficult to fit into the interior. It is difficult to be processed.
Oak - the most suitable material, but has a rather high price. Very dense, durable and has a noble figure. Required for the treatment of special tools. Processing complex. The most important disadvantages is - the price and the fact that we need a wizard to handle the material.
The plastic may be used for production of the entire ladder and for some of its elements, even though to stand for sweets. What materials are used for the production of stairs?
Experts recommend paying attention to the plastic ladders, which are characterized by lightness and moisture resistance
Hard - plexiglass, semi-rigid - PVC, soft - for finishing. All cons are minimal strength at the wrong choice.
The main advantages of plastic ladders:
- Neat compact appearance.
- design variety.
- Moisture resistance.
The front staircase in the house will last a long time if it is made of more durable than the plastic material, for example, of the decking. Finished fabric KDP can be square or other shape.
Simple ladder from propylene tubes
Stairs made of polypropylene pipes - a great option when you want to rise to the height.
The simple design and ease of installation of the staircase is different polypropylene tubes
- When working on the roof, polypropylene tubes do not violate the integrity of the roof covering.
- Low weight also will not cause deformation of the roof.
Widespread positive feedback about the possibilities to assemble a ladder made of polypropylene pipes with his own hands, and you can find a master class on making staircases. For example, to quickly and easily build a rope ladder from the pipes.
It is necessary to engage a pair of nodes, and threaded through the PVC pipe line, the nodes are under the pipes. Such a construction would not only fulfill the basic function, but also serve as a child's play.
If the parameters do not meet the necessary strength, can also be done using a metal staircase profile, channel and 150x150 corner. Such design is preferably used for horticultural areas or for operational use.
Construction stairs Beech (video)
Mortar stores offer a wide range of different materials. Stairs to the second floor of your home can be made not only from the tree, making the stairs of granite blocks, ceramic tiles, plates of OSB, metal and glass.
stairs design Ash (photo in the interior)