Plasterboard: choice sketch preparation, installation
ceiling covering plasterboard - it is not only simple and profitable, but nadezhnoOptimalnaya thickness of the drywall to the ceiling is 9 - 9.5 millimeters. Thicker sheets suitable for finishing mill or to the attic (if of it is also planned to make the living room). Some manufacturers produce plasterboard with a thickness up to 24 mm, but this is the so-called refractory model. they are not necessary for an ordinary house.
What use drywall ceiling: Options
The optimum width of the span of plasterboard - 150-200 centimeters. Naturally, the sheets may be cut and combined in any order to create a mosaic on the ceiling though. A can generally purchase finished ceilings of gypsum and its derivatives, materials that already include a sufficient amount of the desired fasteners, hangers, profiles. Such an option would be ideal for the novice-master.
If you are new in the decoration of the ceiling, the purchase ready-made plaster ceilings. They include all the necessary materials
Plasterboard ceilings are sold in many variations:
- with finished trim;
- a rough-coated;
- with decorative facet (used perimeter);
- with improved moisture protection.
If you want to create a style of design, it is better to make oil paint Ceiling with conventional sheets. Top is performed whitewash or a simple paint. It is both attractive and cheap option.
ceiling plasterboard project: preparation
The unit ceiling drywall - is its mounting on the guide metal (aluminum) profiles. Technology mounting - screwing special screws for metal that will support sheets. Of course, you can simply paste them, but this is definitely not suitable for apartment buildings where there is not low probability of flooding from the neighbors. Polyurethane adhesive of this pretty quickly debonding.
Properly prepared project will allow in the future to quickly calculate the planned costs for roughing and finishing of the ceiling trim
Which includes the preparation of the project? This is:
- Sketching finishing (single-level, two-level ceiling);
- drawings location of gypsum boards;
- marking under suspension;
- mark for the alignment of the ceiling (if necessary).
How to carry out the alignment of the ceiling plasterboard
Alignment of the ceiling drywall sheets - a cheap and reliable solution to the problem of errors builders. As will be attached gypsum layer solves only the owner of the house.
Align the ceiling may be exactly what its mounting is available padded metal profiles. That is, this method is performed markings on the perimeter, and there laid the main retaining beam. Smooth installation it is recommended to maintain with the help of a spirit level. If in the future will not be docked properly, then there is slack.
Offset from the ceiling of the base may be only a few millimeters, and maybe more than 10 centimeters (for example, if it is planned to place the communications, water or gas pipeline)
Therefore it is better to buy at once, for setpoint level quality fasteners, load capacity which is several times greater than planned.
It is natural that at the stage profile ceiling mount can be lowered or even to consolidate close to the ceiling as needed.
Conventional ceiling equalization circuit includes:
- selection of a single new level for laying profiles;
- selecting the thickness, which will correspond to the fasteners;
- determining what will be the final height of the ceiling.
Gypsum ceiling: the markup is correct
Marking the ceiling of giposkartona begins on the perimeter. Fixing of each sheet is required to be performed on parallel rails. Therefore, alignment is received on one side (the ceiling if the plane is not completely flat shape with multiple bends yl). In Khrushchev everything is easy - profile mounted directly on a wall outside the groove.
Even if in the future will be arched ceilings and plasterboard planned to hide it, then it should start with the installation of the guide profile on the perimeter. Standard size - 60 27 (28) millimeters. Naturally, the width of the sag is identical.
If mounted roughing plasterboard (a dark gray color), it is required to supplement the UD-layers for increasing the mechanical stability of the structure
After this is done the basic layout that includes:
- fastening hangers on those places where the longitudinal profile will be located;
- implementation of the indentation from the top of the basics (it is possible to stick fiberglass, which will increase the sound insulation premises);
- counting future frame profile (offsets from 400 to 600 millimeters, but are retained over the entire ceiling plane of the same).
How to conduct a ceiling device made of plasterboard
After marking can be taken immediately after the installation of profiles. At this stage, if necessary, the wiring harness. For example, a bay window and a lamp mounted diode board for socket - machines and so on. Hide all be in waterproof box of the same drywall. As the cavity wire is just possible to use metal profiles themselves.
Before mounting profiles for gypsum board be sure to apply it using the laser
By the way, you can mount the rack and on the glue, but on the balcony necessarily used is self-tapping screws. There and the humidity is higher, and the dynamic load is much greater. Under the foundation can be laid fiberglass - to mount it is simpler than ever.
For longitudinal profiles the distance is best done in the range of up to 400 millimeters, to cross you can ask any more - up to 600 millimeters. At the junction of the two profiles created by the so-called crab - a small incision in the metal for docking.
For each tile of the profiles must be provided:
- Mount suspension;
- strengthening structures that perform additional rails that are rigidly mounted to the ceiling-based.
Ready plasterboard ceilings: what is included
Ready plasterboard ceilings are not only the presence of mounting materials, but also the correct calculation of the total static load. Typically, such kits already have sketches and can only follow the prompts.
Prior to installation of the finished ceiling plasterboard you must carefully read the instructions
Finished ceiling kit includes:
- stylish plinth (ceiling);
- It not infrequently included in the kit and cladding, ie, paint, whitewash or even foam tiles;
- the basis for which will suit even the plywood;
- hatch for installation in the right place chandeliers;
- optional inlay (in duplex ceilings).
Modern plasterboard ceilings: finishing
Virtually all modern ceilings are finished GKLO. This material is a derivative of plasterboard, but is resistant to fire.
Ceilings GKLO - the best option for private homes
Such gypsum board has a pink mark on the container and has a gray tint. However, it costs more than usual, since buying it in the west in the euro, and in Russia, alas, do not produce.
- excellent quality;
- practical (also improves the sound insulation);
- increased resistance to moisture (about 7 liters per square meter of the art, subject);
- allowed on the balcony or in the open lobby.
But there are also disadvantages: the cost, the weight, the need for mandatory lining.
White ceiling: plasterboard with whitewash
If the drywall on top of planned whitewash, you do not need to buy any luxury sheets of building material. You can choose the cheapest - still on top, they are decorated. One can even choose a black color if above, for example, be applied to a glossy layer (film).
Plasterboard under whitewash is considered to be the cheapest, but in quality is not inferior to other types of similar material
Why decorative ceilings with whitewash are considered the best?
Because this option:
- easily restored (re whitewash applied without primer);
- durable (will last at least 3-4 years, then it is possible and paint).
You can choose to be and then pasted wallpaper. Plus, if drywall is uneven (there are notches, dents), then align it with whitewash all - not a problem. But its shortcomings - it is a low resistance to moisture. If you are even slightly flooded neighbors, the lining will have to do again, after getting rid of the moisture.
One-level and two-level ceilings: plasterboard clearance
How is the design of the ceiling plasterboard? The simplest option - one-level. Duplex created two ducts. That is, the first whole plane of the sheets, and have them create the right figure (in the same way - by mounting the guide profiles). However, this option is not the best in the apartments, as there ceilings are not high at all. A single handle sibling ceiling - not a problem.
It should be noted that between plasterboard sheets is required to leave a gap of 1-2 millimeters as well as on the perimeter. This is to ensure that the ceiling is "breathing" and it does not accumulate moisture (important, for example, in the bathroom).
Two-level ceilings better to use in the apartment with high ceilings
Drywall lifespan depends on several parameters:
- ceiling heights;
- purpose of the premises;
- average humidity level.
In principle, the average period of allowable operation ranges from 12 to 17 years. If so it aligns the old dilapidated ceiling, then up to 5-7 years. In the future can only be problems associated with the accumulation of garbage in the interlayer between the plasterboard. That's why they should be covered with a layer of putty, even if the factory primer performed.
Is it possible to plaster ceilings
Ceilings of plaster now used very rarely. Even just looking at the pictures or videos of this decision is possible to declare with certainty that drywall - is better. Feedback is also confirmed.
And the plaster less comfortable. It will not work to clean up, if necessary, raise the profiles, or to fix it decorative panels (permissible static load is very small).
Ceiling plaster had long lost its relevance. Drywall - a new stage ceiling mounting
Plates made of gypsum will be ideal only for:
- industrial buildings;
- on the floor under the grill, for example;
- in a small house where the area under the ceiling trim - no more than 6 square meters.
Installation of the ceiling plasterboard (video)
Each square meter of the sheet capable of holding a to 7 liters of water without any deformation. And even if it would be more - just sheet will sag, but not burst. Examples of ceiling decoration gypsum board, of course, allow you to see photos, which is located below.
Design ceiling plasterboard (interior photo)