Patchwork for Beginners: Fundamentals of patchwork and knitting
patchwork technique known since ancient times, it can equally well be used for clothing or interior aksessuarovOsnova patchwork - a patchwork that is, in parts. One whole fabric will in the final analysis, consist of several connected together (not cross-linked, it should be noted). That's why the most simple technique - it's bedding, which flaps are selected by geometric shapes. Should start, for example, with squares.
The main patchwork technique for beginners: step by step
The main "trick" patchwork is the right set of loops. To do this, just typed does not even amount to two faces. Transition remains at a very spoke. If the flap is a boundary (edge), that additional typed loop, on which to perform a further bending (loop tightened).
Patterns for sewing and knitting patchwork can be found anywhere. Even kits sold for breeding of this technique, which consist of short and crochet. The most important thing in this case - the observance of the same thickness strands. Although experienced masters are able to use different, but there is need to carry out the correct calculation of the nodes so that they create the same length. As a rule, it is convenient to just use graph paper or special paper.
Tying patchwork no less popular than the patchwork
So, how to begin patchwork? With a set of loops, as described above.
But keep in mind that:
- Both sides of the web are facial.
- aerial loops are used to offset the edge of the flap.
- A curved transition from one flap to the other is performed by inhaling hinges diagonally. That is, the first is taken (edge), and the loop is pulled flat line to the junction.
What fabric should be selected under the quilt? For beginners ideal silk, linen and wool. Synthetics are generally not used even in thick durable yarn. The end result from its use does not conform to what was drawn on the design, as the tissue will contract, loop - erased. A usual thing.
Patchwork for beginners: a master class on sewing
Not difficult to guess that in the case of the pattern, there used sheet binding. On it easy to create and pattern, and patterns. With the situation is somewhat more complicated embroidery business. However, mention should be made of the main advantages of patchwork - cut at the discretion. No curly puffs or bilateral nodes is not provided. That's why this technology is so easily given to beginners.
The basis of articles in the style of patchwork are special schemes, which produce the desired cutting parts
Where to start sewing patchwork? With the preparation of the sketch. Someone takes them from a book, someone prefers to create independently. Fortunately, now there are even specialized computer programs that allow you to build the thumbnails just a few mouse clicks. The style chosen any preferred for needlewoman. For beginners, it is best to prepare the initial sketches based on simple geometric shapes. For example, sewing rectangles or triangles, rhombuses. In this case, prepare a rough pattern without any problems. In addition, you can use the remnants of the old tissue taken from sewing other things. Their quality and quantity is almost no way affect the final result.
Prepared a set of arbitrarily expanded as the thing will look like in the future. If the size of the canvas is too large, it can be divided into 2-4 parts. Just keep in mind that those who have internal faces will be sewn with no edge.
The following technique is very simple - patches sewn on the inner contour of the invisible. It does not prohibit fabric to sew over one another, thus hiding the back of the product from the eyes of others. Thus, for example, are duvet covers or blankets, pillowcases on the pillows. Naturally, when this can and does use a sewing machine. Schemes using standard cut.
Total, the entire process of sewn patchwork is:
- the creation of a preliminary sketch;
- finding or creating the right flap;
- Staple inner contour.
As many have already guessed, there will be only one part of the face, as opposed to knitting.
Master class on sewing patchwork (video)
patchwork technique: templates and patterns for beginners
Needlework - is not always to create things on a personal sketch. Accordingly, the patterns and the pattern of patchwork can be found in many sources, ranging from thematic forums, ending specialized books. But still create sketches - is not difficult. Indeed, in this technique is allowed a certain percentage of "chaotic" pattern. The main thing - the end result is liked to the person who uses it.
The most simple and elementary as variation of patterns - it is knitting socks and mittens made of solid foundations. The flap is knitted from the same parts of the same square that are interconnected loops air. With embroidery - and that is easier. Rather arbitrary to gather the flap and sew it on the inside edge. First, you can just practice on bedding or banal rugs without twists and turns.
To create a pattern patchwork method can use a template on which the figures shows the order of priority of fastening parts
A more sophisticated technique - in a circle pattern. The main difference:
- It is necessary to accurately count the number of loops and add to each level of 1-5 (depending on the final product size).
- The compound can be done not only air, but also simple loops with the edge (thus creating additional textural pattern).
- The colors are combined on the flap. Use multi-colored fabric is not recommended (although in some cases still be allowed, for example, if fit and sewn cloth).
As always, training costs simply on the flap. Inner edge can be done even if you use the technique of straight stitch. But this has required a sewing machine.
The last thing worth mentioning - not to be used for so-called patchwork quilt blocks. Yes, sewing them will be much more convenient, but for beginners it will not bring any experience. Sew two pieces of fabric can be without any skills in needlework, and create a whole composition - is a completely different level.
Regulations fixing patches to create products in patchwork technique
How to develop a scheme for patchwork for beginners
Having reviewed the basics of patchwork can take up the implementation of several schemes. You do not need to assume that the first product will be a master class. Likely get a whole sheet. You do not even need a graph paper.
So, let's say your home is not a small number of patches from an old cut. It is not so important what size each. The main thing - straight face (or perform pruning enough). Next create a sketch and they are laid out so as to be located on the final product. Use a substrate is not necessary. It is better to do everything step by step, and if you believe in the end result - you can immediately connect the flaps. Any lessons for this is not exactly need.
In accordance with scheme cuts out the required number of parts, which are then stitched together into a single unit
So you can create:
- abstraktsionnye paintings;
- knitted, for example, a scarf (or bloom ends or edges created);
- quilt blocks (as decoration for furniture or desk.
Prepare in advance the pattern is not required. It is required to follow a pattern of complex things, which will combine multiple items at once.
That is, for example, if you plan to not only connect a few patches, but also add to each corner canvas any pattern. Naturally, the fabric selected one type or at least similar. If you need to shorten the leg, he simply cut off with scissors along the long edge. This option is not suitable for knitting, there would simply dissolve the loop.
Sewing patchwork for beginners (video)
Patchwork though was coined in the early 20th century, it is actively used and much earlier, thus saving tissue. It is believed that the first sewing this method was invented in England, and from there patchwork in its present form have migrated to Europe, Russia.
Patchwork for beginners (photo)