Overhead spotlights on the ceiling: the choice and installation of the foundations
Overhead lights are not embedded in the supporting structure of the ceiling, do not hang it, and installed directly on neeNakladnye spotlights - is the best choice on the ceiling. The mass of all the installed equipment will be low, while the lighting is more than enough for the average living room. On average, they consume about 40-50 watts, which is several times less than the use of traditional incandescent light bulbs.
Lighting Ceiling spotlights: the benefits
Ceiling Lighting LED lamps ideal for rooms up to 200 square meters and up to 3.5 meters high. If the above, it is recommended to use the so-called LED panel - they have a built-in reflector and scatter light over a larger area.
Downlights are several key benefits, including:
- look stylish;
- They can be used to create an individual design in the room;
- have a high frequency flicker, thereby not adversely affect the eyesight;
- quickly and easily mounted on the prepared frame.
Overhead spotlights can be mounted on any surface, this is their advantage over recessed luminaire
Built-in lighting can have a housing of any size and material. There are also plastic and glass and crystal and metal open. And, as a rule, such lights are integrated with the controller and power supply unit.
That is, no problem lamp can be connected directly to the network to 220 volts, without worrying about additional cooling.
The working range for the led lamps varies in the range from -30 to +50 degrees in Celsius. But still recommended to follow the operating mode recommended by the manufacturer.
What are Point light LED recessed ceiling
Most embedded and overhead spotlights - LED. It should be noted that they are actually more expensive than those that use traditional incandescent, fluorescent and other lighting elements, but it has its reasons. In any case, buying them - this is an economical choice, because they will last 4-5 times longer than the same fluorescent, and 40-50 times than lamps with incandescent bulbs.
Recessed spotlights - one of the most difficult kind of lighting design, but at the same time the most interesting tool to create a unique appearance of your home
Benefits ice lamps:
- High efficiency, enabling a good save on lighting.
- Low TDP. Models to 7 watts heated to not more than 65 degrees, which is far from the critical temperature for silicon stones (they act as lighting element).
- Easily withstand strong vibrations.
- Resistant to temperature, the ingress of water droplets on the base (it is not sealed as in incandescent lamps).
- You can connect all the lamps in parallel. If one lamp burns - the rest will continue to work.
- A wide range of LED-lamps with colored elements, with remote control and so on. And it easily fits in a compact body.
Such light can be combined with the chandelier, or be a single room. And, of course, their installation is not particularly difficult. To deal with it is not even experienced electricians. And the voltage there - quite low (supply - 220 volts, but the yield - only 12).
Crystal spotlights for ceilings: advantages and disadvantages
Small crystal lamps that are mounted in the ceiling, is also widespread, but are quite expensive. But lighting is sure to become the main decoration of any room! Its main advantage - it is a visual component. There are even turning lamps, which, for example, can be installed in the attic or in the nursery. Variations of accommodation - a very large number.
Crystal spotlights the potential to become an exquisite interior decoration
Completed with crystal spotlights advantageously LED lighting elements. Their advantage - the design, but there is a drawback - it is the fragility of the structure. Mount these with your hands as possible, but to do it very carefully.
Crystal lamps do not give much light, so they are used:
- as additional lighting for the room;
- as a decorative element for a suspended ceiling;
- as lighting to visually expand the volume of the room (for example, if the ceiling - glossy).
How many need at one room? Expect better power consumption. For example, for a room of 20 square meters of the overall performance should be at the level of 40-60 watts.
Installation of spotlights in a plastic ceiling: Options
Wiring diagram for the ice lamps is very simple. Conventionally, all the options are divided into two categories: when the structure rests on the false ceiling material, and when it is attached to the ceiling or to the major metal profile (of course, with the help of materials that do not conduct electricity - dielectrics). Lower (output) for connecting wires should be at a height of a few centimeters. Pruning - is not necessary.
The option to install spotlights on the ceiling
The simplest mounting options:
- The drywall on a pre-cut hole. They do not have to be exactly equal, since the cut will be closed with a decorative strap.
- The wooden ceiling. Fastened or bar, or at a small screw.
- The capital ceiling on hangers.
This traditional embodiments. But there are modern fixtures that all may be mounted on the second level of the ceiling due to its low weight. Here it is recommended to pay attention to the instructions. Naturally, in each of the proposed methods would be required first wiring. Its ties to secure the metal profile (although you can not touch it - nothing will happen to her).
Keep in mind that all the lamps are the teams, and producer in the kit includes all the necessary hardware. Exception - inexpensive models that are fastened with hanger to the ceiling. But those are extremely rare.
Built-in spotlights for ceilings with a separate power supply
If the lamps without built-in power supply have been acquired, it will have to be connected separately. The scheme is extremely simple - the parallel connection. Although, as a rule, the manufacturer provides a proprietary connector for the connection, which in general is simple - plug it into the power supply can be the only correct method. Dual built-in lamps can be connected to two separate lines - should take this into account.
Recessed maximally simple in design: they constitute a single body in which all the elements are integrated in advance for fastening and fixing
Options lamps as follows:
- lighting element itself;
- Power Supply;
- a remote control unit (if by design).
To accommodate all of these elements it is recommended to make a separate niche in the wall, or all rigidly connected to the metal frame (crate) and closing it all gypsum cardboard boxes. That way, it is necessary to ensure proper protection against moisture and water (e.g., in case of flooding from the neighbors who live above the floor).
Overhead spotlights with LED nutrients work from DC to 12 volts. Standard network gives the 220 volts AC. His alignment is just engaged in the power supply.
Keep in mind that when it is a high performance and will have to worry more about the dissipation of heat from it. That is, it is recommended to closely pressed to the aluminum profiles (which are excellent conductors of heat).
Installation of spotlights (video)
Forced cooling is performed only if all the lights consume 150 watts or more. But such systems - a rarity, since such power is enough to illuminate the room of over 100 square meters.