Modern outdoor metal stairs with his hands
Street stairs of metal have a long service life and ease of installation Outdoor stairs today can not only get into inaccessible areas of the house, but also a full-fledged part of the decor. The appearance and quality of the future construction depends on the material from which it is made. Wooden structures, even with frequent handling deformed under the influence of the environment. Concrete buildings differ unattractive appearance and lack of choice of variants. This is why consumers are increasingly choosing outdoor stairs made of metal.
Metal ladder on the street: the installation benefits
Metal as the material for the ladder, are in great demand due to its performance characteristics that set it apart from the competition.
The main advantage - a long service life. The metal structure is not exposed to deformation, and also protected from rust. High resistance to changing environmental conditions is achieved by covering the staircase with special structures.
Among the advantages of the metal ladder worth noting beautiful appearance and reliability
The distinguishing features also separated:
- High structural strength (to withstand high load);
- Easy care (of metal stairs are well cleaned and dries quickly without absorbing moisture);
- No need for additional finishing (in contrast to the concrete construction).
In addition, the metal stairs in the presence of the necessary tools are manufactured and easily installed by hand.
We consider the kinds of metal outdoor stairs
Street stairs are divided into three types: ladders, step ladders and fixed. Selecting the type of construction depends on its purpose. Stepladder used for gardening; using ladders made access to the attic or in the basement of our house. Porch and structures for access to the second floor of the house are considered stationary buildings. Also, they include welded and vertical ladders, which are used as a fire escape.
There are two types of fixed structures:
- Marching (with one, two or three spans);
There is a wide variety of outdoor metal staircases, differing in shape, angle and type of steel from which they are made
When choosing the type of future ladder also worth considering the real estate it uses and the overall design of the house. Especially when it comes to the installation on the construction road leading to the second floor or attic.
Mnogomarshevaya wide staircase - ideal for a large garden, the area allows you to build a building of this type. If the space for a full-fledged platform between the spans is not enough, sometimes use winders, in which one of the parties is different. To gain access to the second floor or an open loft also set a spiral staircase. Wound iron structures occupy a small area, and therefore can be mounted even on a small area.
Outdoor stairs to the second floor of the metal: the difference kinds of frame type
Any type of metal ladder frame has at its core, which is a supporting member. The skeleton provides structural safety and durability.
The following types of frame can be used In the metallic outdoor stairs:
- With the use of stringers - supporting beams on top of which are fixed steps and rails;
- With the use of the string (this type differs from the previous method steps fixation);
- And rails (no base support, installation is carried out by means of special fasteners, through which creates a floating effect).
ladder frame should be made of high-quality metal, capable of withstanding the load assigned to it by
The most popular is the frame using the stringers, which has high strength and ease of installation. Performance characteristics allow the use of this type of ladder for residential buildings, and for industrial facilities.
Frame with string is considered universal. This framework is suitable for straight and spiral staircases. The advantage of the design of rails is easy replacement of any part of the ladder.
How to make a street staircase made of metal with their hands
Self manufacturing outdoor stairs - a feasible task for someone with skillful hands. However, we are talking about installing a simple design. For example, consisting of metal sections and reinforcing rods. Fabrication and installation mnogomarshevyh or helical ladders are best left to the professionals.
The workflow can be divided into several stages:
- Artwork necessary measurements and calculations;
- Preparation and drawing tools (Bulgarian and welding machine);
- Production ladder parts;
- Installation of the foundations and steps, a compound which is carried out by welding;
- Grinding and processing of the finished structure.
All the necessary ingredients of street metal stairs can be purchased at the hardware store or order online
Performing calculations and preparing a drawing, you should comply with the established standards. Tread Size may vary from 25 to 40 cm, the width of the stage should not be less than 90 cm size riser -. 12 to 20 cm.
Do not forget about the slope of the steps in the 2 - 3 ° C. Otherwise, on the surface of the water will meet regularly, so climbing stairs becomes unsafe. In addition, the structure should be established on the foundation of the house. This arrangement makes it possible to exclude the possibility of its displacement.
How to make a street stairs of metal with their hands (video)
Street stairs Metal - opt for durability and beauty. The special properties of this material make it possible to produce a design that will meet the wishes of even the most demanding customers. By the choice of appearance and location of the ladder should be approached seriously, preferably already at the design stage house. Earlier planning will provide all the details and thus avoid a lot of trouble and inconvenience.
Outdoor metal stairs (photo examples)