Materials and stairs with their hands calculations of wood: 3 important steps
Manufacture and install inner lining made of wood stairs can samostoyatelnoMaterial, used to make a ladder, can be different - wood, iron, concrete or a combination of these materials. But most often use wood for the construction of staircases.
Calculation of wooden stairs to a private house
Any design should be safe to move her. For this purpose, before the construction of the staircase, you must perform its calculations on the basis of what type of ladder structure is expected.
Doing ladder calculations must take into account the size of the room and height of the space interstorey
To calculate the wooden stairs, you should do the following:
- Determine the height of interstorey space, floor-to-ceiling windows with view of floors, and determine the area to be reserved for the ladder.
- Determine the number of stages in the ladder, based on their depth, riser height and tilt ladder. Typically, the height of the riser is equal to 150 - 200 mm, and the optimum bandwidth encamp typically equals 250 - 320 mm.
- It should also take into account the height of the gap between the horizontal plane of the stages and the lowest part of the ceiling structure, it is necessary so that a person climbing or descending the stairs, his head does not touch the ceiling structures.
You should also calculate the width of the stairs, in order to be able to comfortably move around on it, optimum width of the ladder should be equal to 120 cm.
Common examples of drawings for wooden stairs
Before you do any drawings in dwg format, you must select the type of ladder.
Before starting calculations, experts recommend first choose the type of ladders for home
It is necessary to perform certain measurements and calculations, and to determine the general parameters of stairs:
- staircases lead angle, such parameter is typically in the range 23 - 37 degrees.
- The minimum height between the ceiling and steps should be at least 2 m.
- The width of the ladder should be at least 1 meter.
After determining all the parameters, you need to draw a plan of the premises on which it is necessary to note the location of the stairs and all its dimensions with reference to the plan of the premises. We should make the overall drawing of the whole ladder to a better understanding of all the necessary parameters.
All drawings can be done manually, but in order to avoid errors, it is best to all the drawings done online, using a special calculator.
If people find difficulty on their own to create a ladder diagram, you can use ready-made drawings and diagrams of stairs, print them out and pick the best option. But this should be done at the stage of building a house, as a ready-made structure drawing will be difficult to pick up.
Detailed and general description of the online calculation of wooden stairs
To calculate all the necessary parameters for the creation of wooden stairs with his hands, it is necessary to remove all the dimensions such as the height of ceilings, the area of which will be allocated under the stairs, angle of inclination, the opening length, the number of stages.
Independently produce stairs can be calculated using a special online calculator
To calculate the staircase made of wood, it is best to take advantage of special online calculator or special tools:
- Other utilities also allow you to calculate, view, including 3D format, and, if necessary, all the edit, and alter all the charts and drawings. You can even run such a program to create a scheme of the whole house, as well as to draw the ladder and see how things will look in the virtual layout.
- When calculating online, it is necessary to determine the type of ladder, it can be odnomarshevaya, half-pace, spiral, staircase with a rotary platform at 180 degrees, etc. and for each ladder-type needs its own calculation.
That's why you should use a special online calculator or special tools, it is much more profitable and easier even novice builders.
The basis for drawing a ladder made of wood
The main advantage of a wooden staircase, is its relative ease, ecology, besides, wood is easy to handle, and a wooden staircase will be optimally viewed in a rustic wooden house.
Many people prefer to choose a wooden ladder, as it is characterized by ecological and health safety
But, before you do the stairs to the second floor of the house, you must make a ladder diagram, in which all parameters are taken into account:
- Based on drawings made markings wooden blanks from which the staircase will be collected later. All dimensions that are on paper, transferred to the workpiece, and they are cut, according to the applied markup.
- But, before you do the drawings and to engage in cutting of material and the subsequent assembly of ladder should assess their strength, as competently to make a drawing and correctly make sawing all the material is not everyone's strength.
Before making a drawing, you must make a measurement of the place in the room where will be located the ladder. This is the height from floor to ceiling, the width of the overlap, should also take into account the type of stairs, angle of inclination, mounting system, etc.
Without these data make drawing stairs, and even more so, to make it would be virtually impossible.
Manner of drawing the wooden stairs to the second floor
Houses built two-storey, three-storey, and to move between floors must be equipped with a ladder.
In order to obtain practical and comfortable ladder, you must first make it a detailed drawing
Making any ladder begins with determination of its type, it may be:
- Helical or spiral staircase, the staircase odnomarshevaya classical, with the rotation of half-pace, etc .;
- Also stairs, in addition to its primary function of ascent or descent may be virtually invisible in the room, and can, on the contrary, stand out in the interior, and even serve as a decorative ornament.
Therefore, before you start to design a ladder, you must select the type, then it stands to draw a schematic plan of the house, the ladder itself and see how one or another type of ladder will look at the pattern. If a person is happy with everything, you can create a ladder of detailed drawings.
When you create a drawing, you should consider all the previously made measurements, angle of inclination, width and height of the steps, the width of the stairs, if you plan to make a fence, then it should also be represented on the drawing.
Blueprints for the manufacture of wooden stairs with his hands
The staircase is a required element of the houses, it provides a link between the floors, and stairs should provide comfortable movement on it, to be safe and fit into the interior of the premises. Plan and build a ladder should be based on building codes, as well as the necessary accurate calculation and drawings, as if this is not done, then, in the manufacture, errors can be detected.
Properly compiled drawing will allow in the future quickly and easily how to manufacture and install wooden stairs
Nuances that prevent redoing the entire structure, excess consumption of materials and time:
- Before creating drawings, you must determine the type of stairs, to see different examples, and choose the one that will best meet all requirements. After that, you can create drawings and plan improvement ladder in a particular place at home.
- Before you create a drawing, you must first perform the measurement, the height from the floor-to-ceiling view of interfloor partition. And also calculate the number of steps, their width, height and angle of inclination of the stairs, etc.
- The drawing should not only display all the dimensions of the stairs, but also specify the fence, their height.
It is also worth to draw the general scheme of the house, in which the ladder location will be displayed indicating the footprint.
This scheme will allow a better understanding of how it will look finished staircase, and allow more time to double-check all calculations in front of the staircase manufacturer.
Novice builder based on the drawings is best to start doing the most simple ladder using the support beams - kosoura. Their number can vary in steps of 1 to 3.
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