Growing bonsai - not an easy procedure. And this is done not for one season. Patience and meticulous care - that's the key uspehaNachinayuschih gardeners wondering how to grow a bonsai at home. The task is difficult in all senses. First, the preparatory phase is time-consuming. Second, the tree requires special conditions, or to create a composition will not work. That is why the implementation of such a laborious work requires knowledge and patience.
Preparation of the necessary tools
For beginners, there are special tools to without too much trouble to form the crown - clippers with a concave shape. With their help remove excess amount of bark and leaves. They are also used to form the appearance of the branches. The second tool - wire cutters, scissors. They are used to form the grooves and remove thick branches.
Professionally take care of the little tree will help nail file. Before buying should make sure that the blade length is 15 cm. Rounding out the list of necessary tools for 2 pairs of scissors. While some have blunt ends, the second - thin.
Depending on the experience in the cultivation of ornamental trees copies of live, your arsenal of tools will increase
Before you plant a tree, it is advisable to make sure of the following:
- Use a rusty or broken tools can not be;
- It is undesirable to use a pair of scissors or a nail file, which require sharpening;
- If no tools required, it is better to buy them in a specialty store.
Choosing a bonsai seeds: tips for beginners growers
Due to a lack of specialized knowledge, many of the seeds by mail order from China. Despite some shortcomings, this method has several advantages. Firstly, we are talking about a wide range. Secondly, the plants have been prepared in advance. This means that thanks to the work of breeders launched a variety, whose size does not exceed the required parameters.
Before planting, bonsai seeds recommended for long soak in the water tank. Those who will swim at the top, you can throw
There is this method of producing seed a number of negative aspects. Firstly, there is no opportunity to get expert advice. Chinese shops, for example, is only concerned with selling Aliekspress. The novice gardener would be difficult on their own to understand. Second, the seeds are delivered by mail for a long time.
The right choice of plants
If the citizen is still decided to order delivery from China, it is best to check before buying the existing reviews. To some extent, this will help avoid many problems.
Select one of the following recommended flora:
- Decorative plants: azaleas or rose;
- Softwood: pine, traditional or blue spruce;
- Fruit plants: Japanese apple, plum, hawthorn and other species;
- Hardwood: willow, bedroom oak, ash, ficus.
Proper maintenance of seeds - the key to a long life of the flora of the world
Not everyone knows that the necessary seeds is easy to buy from a specialist store. Yes, juniper and cherry seeds will cost a bit more expensive, but the client will receive the necessary advice. Regardless of the chosen method of purchase, it is strongly recommended to get acquainted with the peculiarities of care and cultivation of a specific plant.
How to grow bonsai at home from seed: Tips for beginners
It begins with the selection of pleasing style. For this we need a photo of finished formulations. Once the photos are interested in are found, they must be printed on high-quality printer. It is important to remember that the house to create an identical version, as it appeared in the photo, it is impossible. Oriental culture does not provide up 1-2 styles. Just as in the nature or viscosity of each unique poplar, the same should be bonsai.
How to choose a pot
The dimensions of the crown, the frequency of pruning, the growth rate - figures to examine are better in advance. The more accurately this is done, the easier it is to pick up the pot. Despite the fact that the bonsai tree is characterized by the small size of the root system it is rather massive.
The following recommendations will help to avoid many problems:
- Better to take a slightly larger pot than is necessary;
- Originally a place for the seed to be very much;
- Transplant to a permanent pot occurs only after 3 years;
- Shaped maple or apple unevenly, so it's worth carefully monitor them;
- In case of necessity, made a partial pruning of small branches.
The basic rule in choosing a pot for bonsai - it should be shallow
Direct cultivation takes place in a bowl made of natural bowls. Use other containers is not recommended, because the seeds can not just come up. In the specialized retail chain is easy to find bowls of any shape or design. The final choice is up to the buyer.
Bonsai: Care at home
Since the tree planting should receive the minimum required amount of light and nutrients. For information on how to make care professional, easy to learn thematic video. As mentioned earlier, every tree has its own characteristics. That is why you need to watch videos or instructions about a particular representative of the world of flora.
Immediately after the landing must be abundantly watered soil. It should be remembered that Carmona did not like an excessive amount of moisture. Accurate information about how much moisture for specific seeds needed, inform the flip side of the bag with the seeds.
The first few days after planting to grow better composition in light and slightly cool
The further procedure is as follows:
- Not recommended in a pot to make a mix of several kinds;
- The first six months the plant is very sensitive, so the time to protect it from overheating and overcooling;
- Adapt Podocarpus or other miniature decorative flower to the open air should be gradually;
- The maximum time spent outdoors - 65 minutes;
- At the initial stage more than a specified amount is not recommended, otherwise the tree will die or flowers.
From the lips of some gardeners, you can hear about the need to first germinate seeds outdoors. The reason is concern for the plant. It is believed that in this case, the bonsai is growing better and are less responsive to changes in environmental conditions. These recommendations seem quite plausible, but one caveat to do it is still necessary. To plant seeds so you can not in all cases. We are talking about bonsai can withstand at a young age increased loads. For example, tea tree in this list is not included, and the oak and other conifers - included.
Professional advice: how to grow a bonsai at home (video)
Create home bonsai - sets not simple. The correct choice of seed, soil preparation and immediate podsaki requires good preparation and patience. Some assistance in this matter will have a thematic materials that print magazines about gardening. One should not give up visiting master classes. Here you can always ask questions.