How to perform a fastening drywall to the ceiling on profile
Attach drywall to the ceiling as possible and to as much difficulty in this process netuDlya order to quickly understand how to perform fastening drywall to the ceiling on the profile, the first thing you need to carefully study the recommendations on this issue. Difficulties in this work there are no special, but if a person is not a professional in this business, you have to still take the trouble to learn a new skill.
Crate under the drywall on the ceiling installation
Lathing on the ceiling, on a common standard, fixed at 60 centimeters. Not necessarily comply with this level, as a mount must withstand a static load (preferably with a margin of 20-30 percent for the speakers). Directly screws fastened from the inside to the profile. Installation possible and on the outside, but it is necessary to use so-called "flea" - screws with caps on a single level. Of course, this option is suitable only if the top of the drywall will be further processed plaster, mortar or even whitewash, and all the connection points are simply hidden.
Lathing the ceiling consists of profiles which serve for fastening sheets of plasterboard
Crate consists of:
- profiles that are mounted on the perimeter, that is, on the wall;
- of the transverse and longitudinal profiles which are connected to crosspieces or crabs;
- of suspensions;
- power beam.
This simple scheme described single layer of plasterboard ceiling. There are also more complex constructions, where the pitch is much smaller.
So I need a profile for drywall ceiling
In order to secure the drywall sheets required metal profile. It is made of aluminum to reduce the maximum weight of the structure. Metal profile to connect with each other, you can use the adapter, but this is not recommended.
If possible, choose the profile of such a length that fulfill the coverage on one side of the room (maximum profile length - 3 meters).
The beams have a similar scheme as that of those profiles, which are mounted on the perimeter (but without slots, of course). But the crate is a little less.
It is best to use a metal frame for fixing drywall, because it is reliable and durable
Its because the main function:
- support sheets of suspensions;
- preventing deflections integral sheets;
- wiring protection (as it is laid through the profile).
What is the profile required for the ceiling of plasterboard: choice
With a choice of a plasterboard profile problems should not arise. Their are several types, but usually they are sold in sets. All of them differ only in the form of bending, as well as width.
The main types of profiles:
- EOR (the standard size - 28 to 27 millimeters);
- PP-profile (60 to 27 millimeters);
- PS-profile - has one standard;
- PU-profile (31 to 31 millimeters).
There are different types of profiles to create a frame from the ceiling plasterboard, so difficulties with their choice should not be
It is these profiles are used for the ceiling as they drywall or plaster (they have roughly the same weight). Based on the specified dimensions can be made and the calculation of the required number of metal sheets for each room. One only has to remember that the screws that secure the sheets to be placed at a distance of 10-15 mm from the edge to prevent tearing of the cardboard finishing layer.
Tips on how to make the crate a drywall ceiling
Standard distance between the profiles - 60 centimeters. It is for drywall ceiling, even with the additional burden - an ideal option. If in the future it is planned to install a second and additional levels, you better step to reduce up to 40-50 centimeters.
The beam is laid on the center of the room (it is possible - crosswise). That is, on an average of 1m2 need 4 meters under the profile batten.
Does it matter how the drywall sheets will be located? In principle, the scheme will remain the same crates. It should only take into account the place of fastening sheets.
When installing the furring optimum distance between the profiles will be 60-70 cm
- If the edge is indented to 2-5 centimeters (for example, a backlight), you have to move the start of crates at the same distance.
- The depth of the "insertion" of screws in the profile - from 10 to 15 millimeters. Of course, you need to select the profile such that when attaching drywall and sheet did not happen through the hole.
- The depth of the guide profiles - 40 millimeters. According to him, and set up the basic level.
How to calculate a profile for drywall ceiling
Calculate the most convenient rate using special calculators that are often available on the websites of home improvement stores, or those who are devoted to the topic of repair. There's enough to enter the parameters of the room, the type of drywall, which is scheduled to be fixed, and the output can be obtained not only the consumption of metal, but also about his own cost.
If we do the calculation manually, it would take a calculator and a pre-generated sketch.
It takes into account the following data:
- the total width of the area occupied by the profiles;
- perimeter of the room;
- lathing step.
To calculate the required material on plasterboard ceiling is recommended to make a sketch
How to carry out the installation of the profile under the drywall to the ceiling
For fixing drywall finishing layer on the profile is better to use screws with a drilling depth of up to 15 millimeters. More - too. Attachment is made on the inside. It is possible and outside, all hats should be closed by means of, for example, plaster.
And if you can use glue? As a rule, long since abandoned this technology, because:
- polyurethane substrate may be damaged by moisture;
- ultimate static load will be significantly lower;
- upon flooding or get wet drywall sheets simply bend;
- the final design - is not stable.
It is better to use the traditional method of installation. That is, each sheet fastened to the profile with screws. Spacing between connecting points to be adjusted in the range from 20 to 40 millimeters. Should not be less than as at the edge of the drywall will crack, and if more, then he can just bend over time.
Mounting profiles and drywall on the ceiling (video)
And yes, the described method is suitable for the installation of plasterboard with their hands. But there are also more modern variations of fasteners, for example, under the thrust rope. The main advantage of this option - a constant tension, thereby even a little stretched sheet will still be smooth and without sagging.