How to make a stair treads made of wood: 3 types
Wooden stairs are popular, because they are characterized by ecological During the construction of private homes is necessary to provide the presence of stairs. It can be made from most materials, but preferably all steps to make it out of wood. This is due to the fact that the steps of the tree just to make their own hands, their face will always be warm to the touch, look aesthetically pleasing, are durable and reliable. With proper use and care of the steps, they can last for a long time. If necessary, you can very quickly and easily carry out the restoration, only need to replace one or several damaged and corrupted steps.
What could be the wooden stair treads
Before you proceed with the calculations, fabrication and installation steps necessary to find out what are their types.
For a simple ladder interfloor better to choose a straight wooden steps
Wooden stairs can be:
Direct is a rectangle made of a variety of solid wood. When choosing this type of steps you need to pay attention to the width of the steps and the height of the riser. They must be chosen so that the step is not too low, and it was convenient to go up and down. Angle steps needed in the house, if the ladder has a twist. This step is in the form of large paintings, as it has not only a step function, but also a reversal.
Winder steps are necessary only for spiral staircases. The shape they represent an irregular trapezium, wherein the inner side should be slightly smaller than the outer. But it is necessary to take into account that the calculation should be carried out so as to obtain a uniform staircase without slopes, which is why the existing distance between the individual steps must be equal.
Production of wooden steps of any shape and size it is quite possible to perform independently, most importantly everything correctly calculate and to prepare the necessary materials and tools.
Determine the distance between the steps of the wooden staircase
One of the most important steps that you need to do during the ladder calculation - determining a distance between the individual steps. These rules are governed by the guests and their adherence is very important to ensure the reliability and safety of the structure.
Particular attention should be paid to the size of the steps and the distance between them
To determine the optimal distance is taken into account:
- The height of the riser;
- The thickness of the timber;
- The width of the tread.
The concept of distance between the individual stages included centimeters amount required for human foot at the lower and upper levels and an intermediate distance between the two planes.
Important! Since each person is an individual, the GOST standards are regulated by taking into account all these parameters, so you can make the design, which will be suitable for all investors.
The other parameters can be further varied depending on the type of equip premises. In many respects, the distance between the individual steps depends on the angle of inclination of the stairs. For an accurate calculation of dimensions is important to consider is all the indicators.
Modern metal staircase with wooden steps
Quite often in the house is installed metal ladder with wooden rungs.
Perfectly into the interior of the modern room fit stylish metal staircase with wooden steps
This option is most acceptable, because it combines:
- strength of the metal;
- Sophistication tree.
You can buy ready-made design or make their own, thereby significantly saving money and doing the steps of their own design, in perfect harmony with the general interior of the house. Fastening ladder rungs to the existing metal frame is carried out by means of holes and screws.
How would any quality was made welding of metal parts, may still be a slight height difference. To align the ferrous stage intended for a base, you need special pre-secure substrate. As a special substrate can be used plywood sheets which are fastened with screws. Should not be used for fixing the mounting foam, as over time it will crumble and crumble, and steps will be unstable.
Steps should speak a little of the metal base, since such a ladder would look more attractive, thereby hiding the design frame.
To the ends of the steps to be seen chipping, use hardwood. In the manufacture of the steps necessary to initially remove the rough edges, giving it a rounded shape, and then varnished.
We do winders for wooden ladders
Design stairs with pivoting steps zabezhnymi and quite complex, so to make them correctly, you need to make a lot of effort. Spiral staircases with zabezhnymi steps to help save a lot of space in the house. They can be installed or along a wall or in the middle of the room, in any case, the design will not take up much space.
In order to properly and quickly set up a ladder with zabezhnymi steps, you should contact the experts
However, despite all the advantages, there are certain disadvantages of this design, in particular such as:
- Fairly narrow stairs;
- The steep climb;
- Laborious manufacturing process;
- Difficulty in carrying out the calculations.
It is important to calculate all the dimensions of the stairs, as otherwise it can get quite uncomfortable. best to use hard wood for manufacturing winder stairs. Well suited for this oak, as it is at a cost though higher than pine, but will last for a long time.
Oak wood has a very beautiful color, so it will look perfectly in any interior completely, but, if desired, a tree can be painted in the desired color. Wooden stairs have many advantages, since they can be damaged very easily update just a few hours.
Assembling winders can be quite time-consuming, which is why if necessary, can be made to the art.
Thresholds for wooden stairs
To protect the surface and to provide special comfort special pads on the stairs can be used while walking.
They can be made of:
- Carpet elements;
- Rubber and many other materials.
Special wooden laths for surface protection stage ladder from various abrasions
Before fitting the scuff plates, you need to cover them with lacquer. It is also considered an important step painting, as it helps to protect the wood from moisture. For wooden staircase most suitable lining of the carpet, which can take up the entire width of the steps, or only part of it.
There may be various methods of attachment of such articles, in particular:
- Method of tongue and groove;
- In the liquid resin or nails;
- By means of screws.
Important! Before mounting the lining to the steps previously necessary to smooth the surface.
To trim on the stage as long as possible retain their superb views, they need to provide the required care.
How to calculate the size of the steps for the wooden ladders
In buildings in which more than one floor must be placed ladders for ease of movement. Most simple mounting straight Saddle stairs, because they do not need to have special knowledge and skills.
Experts recommend carefully calculate the size of the steps, because it affects the comfort and safety stairs
It is very important in the construction of stairs to take care of the steps, as they have to combine:
At arrangement of stairs you need to properly calculate the number of steps, as well as their sizes for ease of movement. It is important in the calculations, to the tread depth was from 300 to 400 mm and the height of the step should be from 100 to 200 mm.
Build a wooden staircase with zabezhnymi steps (video)
The staircase in the house should be not only reliable, but also quite beautiful, so the performance of their installation is often additionally facing the finished structure.
Details: iron staircase with wooden steps (photo examples)