Ficus - thermophilic decorative culture, which often can be found in our latitudes, mainly in zdaniyahBonsay ficus - a growing small copies of larger trees. It is an art, originating its roots from Eastern countries. With some plants to work more easily with other heavier. They are grown in compliance with certain rules and canons. A dwarf version of trees can not only buy, but also to create their own hands.
Styles and the main varieties of the Japanese art of bonsai
Bonsai art is divided into several types of plants.
They differ on certain grounds, the main ones being:
- Continuous flowering;
- Spring disclosure;
- Seasonal summer beauty;
- Plants with an unusual form of trunks or branches.
Each style is provided by nature. Therefore every tree in miniature repeats the shape and appearance of the original
Pick up style is based on the selected species of ficus.
The first and most simple form - the right erect, it is called Tekkan. This style is characterized by straight lines, thus it is the easiest for those who are just beginning to learn the Japanese art. It is characterized by a conical trunk growing straight and massive roots, spreads in all directions.
Next up is the wrong kind of erect (Moyogi). This type differs from the previous type, bend the trunk. Curvatures may be a few, but they are reduced to the top. The roots of this style have is seen on the surface, and the crown did not play for the pot edge.
The trunk of the wind or Fukinagasi formed so as to branch and trunk were inclined in the same direction. This form resembles a permanent windswept tree standing on the shore
Sokan needs no special description. Its distinguishing feature two trunks growing from the same root. One of which is higher and thicker than the other. Just in this form can be more branches of the total root system.
Grove (Esueue) differs from other styles of the fact that in this case, in one pot grown several plants of the same species. Often allowed planting different types of bonsai, they should not be less than five.
Ficus benjamin bonsai: general information
Ficus is a good choice for those who just want to begin to engage in Japanese art. He is unpretentious in the care and make it easy to obtain the necessary skills and experience that would go on to more complex and traditional types of trees.
You must begin with the formation of Ficus Benjamin, is necessary to achieve a large trunk diameter. The main thing to have a gradually expanding the base of a tree trunk
The branches should be placed evenly and rotate, and the crown to be tapered. Ficus benjamina is different from others in that it is very fragile and can not tolerate a wire winding. Although you can try to contact the young shoots in some cases. At the same time he brings a wonderful crop, and easily gives shoots.
After planting, bonsai can be monitored both for ordinary room flower. Several months later, it is only necessary to bare the roots and make a pruning the tree crown.
Ficus microcarpa bonsai: cultivation technique
Ficus microcarpa in its structure resembles a tree Benjamin. It differs from its congener form of leaves. This type of plant quickly forms a root system and is perfect to grow out of his bonsai. This Ficus inherent thin and smooth bark, which is easy to injure. It is not necessary to water often, it is important to take care of good lighting.
With proper care, ficus microcarpa is resistant to diseases and parasites
In the absence of proper treatment, you may experience the following problems:
- The leaves fall and darken, there are stains or leaves. This is a sign that a lot of moisture and the roots begin to rot in the soil;
- If the tree shed leaves on the contrary, it is a sign of water shortage;
- Twisted and dark foliage, a sign of burning plants;
- Lack of humidity in the room can lead to spider mites.
If you experience such problems, they can be fairly easy to solve. Identify the deviation from the norm, help photos and Internet. Today, there are a lot of literature, as an alternative, you can visit the master class.
Basic care rules: ficus bonsai
There are various types and forms of bonsai. Almost any tree can be grown in miniature and it is quite easy to make at home.
To do this, select one of the presented species of plants:
- Ginseng or ginseng
- Carica or figs;
Every tree from this list is great for creating a miniature copy of the Japanese style. It is only necessary to take care and follow the step by step all the instructions to form a mini copy of the tree. There are many varieties of bonsai and each requires patience and proper care, whether or ficus bonsai Taiwan.
Sapling grown for two years, and only then begin to turn it into a miniature
Formation begins with the pruning of the crown, which is best done in the winter, until the plant is at rest. In this case, the bonsai will save the minimum amount of juice. In summer and spring you can only prune large leaves and young shoots, it helps to adjust the size and foliage growth. With the help of the wire may be formed of any bonsai as Ficus to old age retains its elasticity.
Transplant young plants should be carried out once a year. For the adult plant it should be done every few years. All of this must be followed for proper tree growth.
Dangerous for all plants may be the excess moisture, or lack thereof. In the first case, the crown of the tree dark, covered with spots and possible root rot. If the plant is not enough water, it can lose leaves. But all of this is fixable, if suddenly bonsai threw all their leaves, it needs to be watered and watch him more closely.
How to grow bonsai ficus (video)
Ficus do not quite whimsical, and just as easy to care for. Observing all the rules and guidelines, you can grow wonderful bonsai, which will decorate the house.