Features straight stairs and their structural components 5
Even a simple straight ladder is able to beautifully complement the interior stairs pomescheniyaUstroystvo very diverse, from the whimsical to the practical design of strict construction. Straight ladders are fairly simple in design, but it does not deprive them of grace and beauty. Stairs with straight marches are diverse in form and materials of manufacture.
Direct stairs to second floor
Straight staircase is a subspecies of propulsion designs. In addition to direct, in the form of a cruise, there are several subspecies, they are inherently straight. Stairway to the second floor has one straight march steps and can have pads on the top.
Staircase design has the following parts:
- Stringers or the string;
straight staircase design is quite simple, so its installation can be easily cope on their own
Retaining structure ladder stringers or string. Beams sawtooth shape with a horizontal section for steps are called stringers. Reference kosour may be one, then the second side of the support steps performed to the wall, this design is called the wall.
Staircase on two supports called central. Beams with grooves for steps and called podstupekov withs, they are made of well dried thick board. Stairs can be as a podupenkami, and without them, they perform more decorative function. Balusters and handrails are required to lift the comfort and decoration of the staircase edge.
Design straight staircase on two kosour is fairly simple for independent production.
The most popular design is angled staircases. Most often, the angular staircase has a landing pivot around two straight marches. Corner L-shaped staircase installed in the corner of the room and saves square meters. Moreover, such a design is convenient for walking.
Make the climb to the second floor can be stylish and elegant with a wooden ladder corner
Material for producing different:
- Most often, the angular staircase made of wood;
- The metal structure is also not uncommon, it is quite durable;
- Sometimes ladder structure operate combination of various materials, such as wood - metal, metal - stone or wood - stone.
Wooden structure is quite simple to implement and can be performed independently. Angular ladder can be U-shaped, in which case the reversal pad oriented at 180 degrees. In view of such passage design it looks ideal.
With self-manufacturing of stairs, do not forget the requirements of GOST to ladders and platforms.
Types straight stairs
In modern times the ladder, it is not only a means of lifting the second, third, etc. floor. Often design is another interior decoration. Types straight stairs are different, and their application depends on the free area, altitude ceilings and floor openings.
Straight ladders are divided into:
- Odnomarshevye which have a stairwell;
- They have a half-pace T-shaped or U-shaped, comprise two lifting sustainer separated area;
- Trehmarshevye structure used in rooms with very high ceilings and large interfloor opening.
Before installing the ladder, must first correctly calculate everything and pick up the necessary materials for work
ladder type is selected according to rigorous miscalculations, it is necessary to take into account all characteristics of the premises.
The width of the opening should be optimal, in a very narrow opening uncomfortable to move around and it is impossible to move bulky items.
Direct odnomarshevye stairs can be in the middle of the room, corner and mnogomarshevye often placed along the walls. Rather complex structure is a winder staircase. She has no grounds, instead of it being made rotary stage. Winder staircase can be circular, this design is more about the types of screw stairs.
Dimensions straight ladder
Straight ladder type is quite simple, however, for the installation required to draw a drawing with all dimensions in the program Autocad or a compass, look at an example in the magazine Prospect. straight staircase measures how the individual, taking into account the volume of the room, as well as common, which are counted regardless of square meters and building height.
Size straight ladder, usually it depends on the size and features of the room, where it will be installed
Total estimated data:
- step width is not less than 25 cm;
- The optimum slope of 30-40 degrees;
- The depth of the steps is not more than 25 cm;
- One flight of stairs is 10-12 degrees.
When installing metal ladders, perform drawing CMD. In Autocadmozhno system to produce a three-dimensional drawing of the future steps. In addition, to help with calculations are specialized calculators.
Another type of ladders - vertical. This is strictly vertical ladder with a minimum slope, consists of a string on both sides and stairs. . The distance between the withs of not more than 80 cm, 30-34 cm stages step manufacturing material can be of two types: metal or wood. Types of vertical ladders is not very diverse, hinged or auxiliary, that's the whole difference.
Unusual and creative in the interior will look vertical ladder
But the use of a vertical ladder more diverse:
- More often than not, make a vertical fire escape;
- In a private house used a ladder to descend into the cellar, or to raise the attic;
- Suspended staircase in the house is used for movement on a sloping roof.
Metal vertical ladder tight timber, but it should take into account the property of metal to heat and cool. If climbing a ladder to be on a hot summer day, or, on the contrary, in the bitter cold, you should take care of the hands, wearing protective gloves.
The vertical ladder made of wood and is quite reliable, advantage is not strong exposure to wood heating or cooling, but in self-manufacture, it should be good to treat the surface to make it smooth. In wooden structures, there is one drawback - they often rot in order to prevent this process, you should choose hardwood, and handle all the details antiseptics design.
How to make a corner stairs with his hands
Corner ladder decorated holiday homes. Besides decorative function, they are quite practical and easy to manufacture with their own hands. Make angled ladder can be made of various materials, but the simplest one is the tree.
To begin with, it is important to make calculations, and get acquainted with the requirements of the ladders and platforms. They are registered in the SNP, it's not advisable to ignore.
The entire ladder structure is divided into load-bearing elements, is a bowstring or stringers, steps and risers, platforms, railings and balusters.
Before starting work, should choose a variety of wood, the most suitable for the manufacture of stairs are hardwood:
- Good quality has larch, suitable for wet rooms, resistant to decay;
- For dry premises well suited beech wood;
- Very solid oak wood, however, it is quite heavy, it should be considered when choosing;
- The good timber for the manufacture of ladders is maple, but as it dries, this type of timber is prone to cracking.
To the ladder was sturdy and reliable, you should choose high-quality materials and tools for the job
After selection of the material should be reserved necessary tool.
Next, the entire installation process can be divided into stages:
- The first step will be the production of load-bearing elements - kovourov or string. Referring to the drawings, markings are applied to the beam and cut with a hacksaw on wood.
- Next, you need to install the bearing elements prepared.
- The next step will be the preparation steps and risers, they are cut according to the drawing.
- Installation steps performed sequentially.
- Next, you need to make the site ready.
- The second march is performed similarly to the first.
- After installing the ladder, you must do the installation of enclosing elements.
Thus, leaning against a carrier member to the wall, and the other to the central support, so it turns out any type of turning the corner of the stairs. Further action depends on the choice of algorithm final finishing stairs. It can be painted or varnished. Recent variants retain the natural pattern and color of the wood, which is especially important for the precious wood.
straight staircase design (video)
Stairs in the house is occupied enough space to somehow minimize the loss of precious square meters, many under stair designs suit different built-in wardrobes. Another embodiment of the use of space may become podlestnichnogo arrangement comfortable working place. Accordingly, this is true only if the staircase is located in the room.
Design straight staircase to the second floor (the photo in the interior)