Correct coat the walls with his own hands under the wallpaper: video tutorials
Before working for pasting wallpaper surface, hold the plaster walls to mask minor defects - scratches, stains and designs t.d.Sovremennye involve coating the walls with decorative plaster, plasterboard, OSB and particleboard, painting, as well as the use of different types of wallpaper, beginning classic paper and ending with the gaining popularity of wallpaper fiberglass, which can be used without hesitation in areas with high humidity, including in the bathrooms.
Once resolved the issue with the decorative materials, preparatory stage begins. Wall surfaces must be cleaned properly aligned and plastered on all the rules in order to prevent any future problems.
How is plastered walls under the wallpaper
Making repairs, someone prefers professionals who for a fee will do all the work, and someone decided to do everything with their own hands. To do this, not only to determine the order, how to choose the putty, but also with a surface to work with.
Wallpaper can be glued on very different types of wall covering:
- OSB boards;
For plastered walls can be used as a stock solution, and the dry mixture
For each of them has a list of a number of specialized solutions and dry mixes for spackling.
Why putty walls under the wallpaper
Often the question arises: why do we need to putty the walls, if they do not go for painting, wallpapering and under.
In support of these activities there are a number of reasons:
- Caulking can achieve a perfectly smooth surface, which is necessary for high-quality work with the wallpaper. Such activities help to extend the terms "life" wallpaper. In addition, over time, even the most subtle eye wall roughness will be seen to stand on the wallpaper.
- Use of a solution used to fill the voids of the porous plaster consistency - black fabric. In the future, this work will help to save on adhesive materials, as it prevents their absorption, and therefore adhesive surface wallpaper will be a better contact with the wall surface.
Tools for plastering walls and ceilings
Puttying should be made even if the re-done repairs in the apartment. When removing the old wallpaper or other type of finish plaster old damaged, its upper layer may peel off, and as a result, defects occur on the walls.
What better plaster wall under the wallpaper
The first step is to decide what type of coat is suitable in a given situation.
Depending on the room climate, you can try:
- Caulking for rooms with high humidity - LR type;
- For dry rooms - KR.
Also, the choice of a particular type of filler depends on what surface will eventually be pasted wallpaper.
It is best that all used to cover the walls of the materials were from the same manufacturer. In this case there will be a less complex situations. For example, buying a starter and finishing putty solution from one manufacturer can no longer conceive of any grain at varying filler and whether they are combined? Yes, if the company has put you both variants of solutions, they are perfectly combined with each other.
Scheme applying putty to the wall
It should not be forgotten that the starting coating is applied in more layers than the finish.
Skilled craftsmen can apply in their work, as a finished solution and the dry mixture, which is then already prepared for direct application to the surface of the walls. Newcomers will be easiest with a finished filler.
How many layers of putty must be under the wallpaper
Properly applied layers of plaster using a wide trowel. For convenience, you can also use a small trowel. With it, a trowel is laid on an even layer.
The first surface is prepared under the wallpaper, covered with a starting solution. He applied a thick layer with a view to smooth out all the bumps. In view of the fact that one layer of such work can not do, starting putty is applied two to three times or more, if necessary, as a result the thickness of the resulting layer should be from about 2 to 4 millimeters.
For reinforcement seams on the working surface using a grid-serpyanku
A mixture of the starting filler has a granular consistency, in contrast to the finish.
After all the initial coat is dry, it takes an average of twelve hours, you can start to work with a finishing solution. It is applied in one layer, which in turn must be thinner starting about one-half millimeters.
The finishing layer is applied to complete the smoothing and imparting the walls of the final form. Then you can start to work with the wallpaper.
The putty OSB under the wallpaper, choose a spatula
OSB - is roughly chipboard. It consists of several layers which can be from 3 to 4. Each layer consists of compressed wood chips, and synthetic wax is added. With this OSB characterized by high physical-mechanical characteristics.
OSB boards have a great range of applications, including they can be used as a cladding. When using this material, it is necessary to immediately determine how and what filler handle walls before gluing wallpaper.
Putty OSB boards should only be mixtures that are suitable for wood. A feature of such mixtures is that the filler should include in its base oils, synthetic resin or glue.
Most often, preference is given to three types of fillers:
Selection of putty for use depends on the surface structure, which has a variety of defects, requiring immediate removal
They have a homogeneous structure without extraneous impurities greater cohesiveness, low shrinkage, which prevents the occurrence of cracks during the subsequent drying of the mixture on the plate. About as shpaklyuyut and concrete coatings.
Decorating the walls may be, including, and only in draft form, that is, ordinary plaster.
Caulking chipboard under the wallpaper: how to make the right
Chipboard - a facing material of wood particles produced during the hot-pressing particles, preferably wood chips. Due to its characteristics, such as high density, homogeneity of the material, this material is widely used in the construction and repair work.
To wallpaper served as long as possible, it is necessary to conduct preliminary puttying the working surface of the plates.
Before proceeding with puttying should be required to remove the old coating with the wall surface
In working with particle board used the same types of fillers that are for OSB, ie, filler suitable for wood-based materials. It is worth noting that the luting corners and seams has nuances. For seams at shpaklevanii together with a suitable solution is also used mesh-serpyanku. This universal reinforced material used during work in order to strengthen the surface and prevent air bubbles.
How putty wallpaper for wallpaper
There are situations when it is necessary to putty old wallpaper, preparing the walls for further finishing. This is mainly done for the subsequent painting.
Glue the new wallpaper on top of old, even plastered, should not be. Correct in this case is to remove old wallpaper and fabric to hold the plaster according to the rules. Otherwise you may cause serious problems in the future.
Can I hang wallpaper on the plaster without fillers
Often, during repairs in the apartment, many are asking: "Why not pokleit wallpaper directly on the plaster?". It is believed that this may reduce spending on training walls.
In this case it is necessary to think over all the possible consequences:
- Firstly, if the plaster is uneven, the wallpaper and the wall will fall on the uneven, which can later lead to a discharge of the surface of the wall;
- Secondly, it should be remembered, that the dark plaster, which is a rough finish walls, can visually spoil type of wallpaper. For example, stand out dark spots on a light background wallpaper. This is especially true thin and light fabrics.
- It is necessary to take into account the views of most of plaster. If it has a grainy surface, wallpaper can start quickly come unstuck due to the fact that such a coating will absorb the glue.
In the event that the decision was made to hang wallpaper on the plaster, you should spend quality training walls. The first wall is cleaned from the remnants of old wallpaper and crumbling the upper layer of plaster. This is done using a trowel and rough wire brush. Some use additional sandpaper.
Secondly, if there are irregularities on the surface or cracks, they must be repaired and leveled. This can help such a device, as the level.
Before wallpapering is necessary to make the walls of the alignment procedure using a spirit level
Third, for the finished flat surface primed. It covered the whole area of the walls, it is better to perform this procedure twice. At work, you can use a roller or brush. After the wall surface has dried, it can be produced Wallpapering.
Experts advise nevertheless be applied to the rough finish of the finish mixture putty.
How is the finish plaster under the wallpaper
The very work surface before finishing work should be smooth, clean and porytaya soil solution. You should know that if left any bulges or cracks, this kind of solution can not conceal defects. filler type "finish" held completion. Apply it after a full alignment of the walls of the starting solution. It is best to have both types of material from a single source. In this case the interaction of the start and finish of putty is the maximum possible.
Overcoating layer is carried out with a thin layer. The result is a perfect surface for wallpaper: smooth and appropriate follow-up coverage.
Plastered walls under the wallpaper (video)
Thus, it is possible to summarize. If a person wants to achieve the greatest good result of repair work, he should know that whatever the working surface, it should be prepared according to the rules using plaster start and finish type.