Construction of stairs in the house: 3 ways to manufacture their own
Staircase in house primarily must be safe konstruktsieyLestnitsa binder may be structure in the building element, and serve as decoration not only indoors, but also in the garden area. In recent years, more and more people are moving out of town, and build homes, not only in one floor, but in a few, and to move between the two floors, need a ladder.
Ladders for houses located outside the city
Field of activity lies in manufacturing a wide range, it can be ordered to make any company, which has its production and installation services on an individual basis, according to the overall design and interior space. Such a company is in almost every city.
You can save on the design, Services Ltd., and do it yourself stairs in the house.
To do this, look at what are the options of stairs can see in a dream, choose a favorite, buy the necessary materials, and start to do it with his own hands.
For houses located in the countryside, perfect staircase made of wood
- The easiest way is to make a ladder that consists of modules, such a design is ready modules, which are connected to each other, as a designer.
- You can make a ladder made of wood, as this is the most suitable material to be processed, and from it we can make a ladder of any shape, which are set in the house to move from floor to floor and the attic. And also make a ladder that will be decorative, even for a dollhouse, and can decorate any territory.
- You can make a ladder and other materials, iron, stone, concrete, etc., mostly those stairs are installed outside the house. In order not to bother with cleaning the stairs of snow in winter, it is possible to build a heating system.
It is possible not only to manufacture a ladder of any particular material, it is possible to combine together the various materials, such as metal and glass (once it is desirable to be tempered), metal and concrete, metal and wood, etc. Through a combination of different materials can create interesting designs, which take up little space and create a certain style in the room.
A house without stairs inside
In some cases, private houses are built without stairs inside, this is done in order to save space. In this case it is possible to attach the stairs outside the house, which will lead to the second and, if necessary, and on the third floor with the entrance to the hall, and it can be closed, that is, with a canopy and side walls, so as not to fall precipitation.
Stairs outside the house will save space indoors
It is best to manufacture a ladder of metal, it may be of different types:
- Spiral staircase - such an arrangement is a vertical circular design, which is mounted in the middle of the metal post to which are fastened in a spiral stage. Though this staircase takes up little space, but it is inconvenient because of the design features difficult to move the elderly.
- Another type of ladder that can be constructed outside of the house, is a staircase with a turntable between the marches. Rotary platform arranged horizontally and are used for the entrance of the house and up the stairs. These ladders even used as an extension to the apartment building as an emergency exit.
But to make such a ladder is necessary to build trust professionals, since their construction is required to comply with certain parameters, including the SNIP and standards, and other standards so as not to compromise the integrity of the structure, including a multi-storey residential building in the construction of stairs.
How to make the most stairs in the house garden
The regeneration of the garden and garden house, a lot of people are building two-story houses, so that they could be comfortable in the warm season. And in order to get comfortable on the second floor, you should build a ladder, in which case it can build itself. We must start from the stairs with reference to the home of the drawing in order to understand how it will be positioned ladder, how much space it will take, and so on. D. It should also make measurements of the opening in order to calculate its height, tilt, number of steps, the amount of material, and so on. d.
The easiest option for the house - a stairway made with their own hands
- The simplest staircase in the two-story house - a ladder stairway, which is a two-beams, angled 23-36ᵒ, which are mounted on the lower part of the floor of the first floor rooms, and the upper part are attached to the doorway leading to the second floor.
- The beams are cut at right angles to the slots so that the step height was 180-200 mm, and the width of the steps is equal to 250-300 mm.
- In the prepared grooves inserted napilennye size plates, stacked horizontal first, then attach the vertical, they can be mounted on the nails, screws, carpenter's glue.
- Thereafter ladder treated sander, paint and varnish. If necessary, you can attach the balusters and handrails.
Later, you can make any design of stairs, do any drawing (up to varnishing), hang as a decoration curtains, along the railing of the same, you can close the space under the stairs, in general, to refine the taste and opportunities.
Proper staircase in the house on Feng Shui
Feng Shui - is the Chinese art of harmonizing the space and the environment, so that the harmony was in the house, it should build in accordance with the art. According to Feng Shui, the staircase, is a conductor of energy Qi and therefore the ladder can not be turned into a warehouse, especially old things. Also, according to this doctrine, the ladder should be positioned away from the entrance, if this is so, then it is better to change, if the opportunity is there. If the ladder is black, it should be combined with gold or silver. If white, it is also necessary to complement the other colors.
According to Feng Shui, the ladder should not be located in the center of the room
- You can not build it in the middle of the house, as you can not build it so that it starts right from the entrance or end right in front of the entrance to the second floor. It is impossible to place a spiral staircase in the middle of the house.
- If the ladder is turned to the door, which is located in the south-west or north-east, between it and the ladder should hang an air bell. If the ladder is turned to the door, leaving the north-west or west, it is necessary to put two vases with water.
- If the ladder is turned to the door that goes to the north, it is necessary to put the big flower. And if goes to the south-east or east, it is necessary to put a bright lamp. If the location of the stairs on the south, should hang a faceted crystal ball between her and the door.
Better, in terms of Feng Shui, it is considered proper staircase that is wide, gently rising up with whole steps, the lower part of the stairs should be well lit.
A simple example of the stairs in the house with his own hands
Make a ladder in the house can practically everyone, enough to have minimal construction skills and the different variants of ladders models and ideas and the example of the assembly is not complicated. For those who first tried his hand in the construction of stairs, it is worth recommend to start construction of the ladder with the most simple design.
It consists of three main elements:
- Stringers - the so-called primary carrier of the stairs, they account for the bulk load, and they are fixed stage. They are made of a bar-shaped logs, which is able to withstand the weight of one or two people without any problems. In them, at certain distances, made cuts horizontally and vertically, to which are attached later stage.
- Directly steps themselves, which are fixed on kosour, made of thick boards, opilennyh size. Once all the parts are ready, stringers put in place designed them. Fix and then attach them stage.
If you first want to make a ladder with your hands, start with a simple design
But, before you start the construction of the staircase, you must perform a series of calculations to determine the length of the stringers and, on this basis, the number of stages.
Stick basic rule - step height should be equal to 150-180 mm, width 250 mm, the optimum angle of inclination of the ladder is about 35-37ᵒ, leading especially to children. You can do more than the angle of inclination, but in this case would be awkward to move the elderly.
Choose the stairs to the apartment in a normal house
In a typical brick house also can not do without stairs, stairs in homes presented entirely manufactured in factories for the production of concrete staircases. Each entrance of the house is equipped with a ladder, by which people get into her apartment. For the most part, stairs and entrances in these homes will not decorated, and to cheer yourself up, enterprising tenants via management companies first make repairs, and then applied to these different patterns or simply trying to arrange them beautifully. These porches delight of its kind, not only residents of the house, but also the guests.
The staircase can arrange in such a way that it will please all tenants
There are ways to decorate the entrance and stairs:
- Make any drawings on the front porch, placed in the entrance of flowers, for example, in the corner of the landings, the novel curtains on the window, not necessarily good, and can be simple (if it is not a luxury house). Cleaning and maintenance access for the procedure can be carried out responsible people.
- Sami staircases can be painted in a different color, but do not be too zealous, to access does not become a nalyapistuyu abstraction.
Thus, it is possible for its easy enough forces to steal the entrance and the stairs, which will be nice to go at the entrance or exit. The main thing is not to run the initiative, to maintain order, to tinker with from time to time all that was done.
Design features of the stairs in the corner of the house
Place for stairs in your own log cabin can be located almost anywhere, but if a small area of the house, such as 6x6, it is best to make a placement of the stairs in the corner of the house. If you can not place a ladder in this place, it is necessary to consider other possibilities.
Additional building a house wall, which will be held the ladder can be used as a transition from the garage into the house.
This extension will save space in the house, and also it can be used as a small storage room for things.
The staircase in the corner of the house must be very reliable and strong
- You can make a combined construction, for example, make an addition on the bay window which set a different tone decor. We need to consider coverage of such construction, if it is dark, then walk up the stairs will be dangerous.
- The structure must have a robust design that meets all safety standards, to withstand not only its own weight but also the weight of the ladder and move on it people.
It is not necessary to use such structures in high-rise building, since it is difficult to do this with the necessary construction standards, it is better to do a two-tier structure.
The staircase in the house with his own hands (video)
The best option is to install a low-rise construction in the house, also need to be concerned about security. This implies a certain width and height of the steps, the slope of the stairs, handrails and equipment etc. And this should be carefully remove all dimensions, and only then proceed to construction.
Examples of stairs in homes (photo interiors)