As drywall putty: detailed instructions for work
One of the important stages of repair works in the apartment is shpaklevkaShpaklevka - an important point of repair, which helps not only to remove the drywall defects, to align its surface, but also make the material as much as possible ready for finishing.
Why is it necessary puttying plasterboard
Suppose you decide to paste over wallpaper GCR, and doubt whether the pre-filling is needed. When a person almost all the repairs makes with his hands, then at some moments he may decide to save (and the forces and means), but it is not always necessary to do. For drywall putty before the subsequent finish, there are at least two important reasons.
Caulking will help to make a plaster wall flat and smooth
Why do I need to putty plasterboard:
- If you purchased a light and / or thin wallpaper, the risk that the joints and uneven drywall sheets will show through, great. It turns out that the wall is made very messy, and it seems to be hard to change, so it is best to putty surface.
- The second point - the wallpaper, you may want to re-stick, and if not applied layer of putty, it will have to rip off the wallpaper with a layer of drywall. And that you have already broken the entire structure. Caulking the same protection against such risks.
True all this not only for wallpapers, any other decorative finishing needs in the pre-plastered walls. This surface preparation, and that the technology did not allow failure, and you are not disappointed in his writings necessarily shpaklyuyte drywall.
Three stages: primer, reinforcement, plaster drywall
Before spackling need to perform simple procedures. First of all, pay attention to the very cap screws, which can be ugly bulge. If the bulge, twist so that they dip in the list. If the fasteners are formed by holes, screws need to get and replace with new, longer. Hats must be on the same level as the drywall.
Then examine whether there are defects in the joints. May peel off the top layer of material. With such a defect paper neatly need to cut with a knife, well, the surface under the paper, be sure to treat of very fine emery paper.
Puttying can produce on their own, the main thing - do it according to the instructions
Next, go to the following scheme:
- Primer. It must be applied in an even layer over the entire treatment area. Primer - a mixture, penetrating only into the upper layer of material forming a waterproof film. Compositions alkyd groups can not be used, the paper layer may otvisnut.
- Reinforcement. Surface should be reinforced with a special net. Part mesh treated with a special composition of the adhesive, because to fix the grid easily. Cleito it on all seams and corners so that the two sides of the interface are of half the width of the grid.
Once these steps are completed, it follows applying putty. But the mixture is usually necessary to prepare. If you use dry mixture, do it just before the application process. Ready-mixed, respectively, do not need to breed - and take shpaklyuem.
Stud mixture how shpaklyuyut plasterboard
If you purchased the dry mixture, it will dissolve correctly. Well, if you have an electric drill with paddle-mixer. With it, you just mix with water, dry matter, the process takes less than five minutes. Then you wait for 15 minutes, the procedure is repeated.
Mixture for spackling, you can how to do on their own and buy in a specialty store
Manual work harder: the mixture will have to pour water slowly and carefully pour too, all very carefully stirring, as if you were kneading dough. It is very important that the inside had no air bubbles.
Putty dries very quickly, because to cook it in small portions. To half an hour you could spend a dilute mixture, and then moved to the new kneading. And economically, and technologically correct.
We are doing the right thing: how to apply the plaster on drywall
Work often starts (or is reduced to this) with sealing joints. To do this you need two spatula - wide (35 cm) and medium (15 cm). Often used float and trowel, but you should be ready with them to ensure that the work is delayed and not the fact that the result will be perfect.
In order to properly apply the plaster on the wall, you need two different spatula
The entire process technology is as follows:
- Type a narrow putty spatula, carefully transfer them to the seam;
- Then take a spatula, and the material stretch as widely as possible;
- Once processed several joints can be armed with only a wide spatula, it will save time, but you need skill.
At this moment you can not leave streaks and irregularities on the surface of the plasterboard. You will be hard to remove them, so it is possible to injure the material. Because the job requires maximum accuracy.
The main surface: how to putty plasterboard
Only after completely dried starter layer in the corners and joints, you need to putty the main part of drywall. First outer corners are strengthened by aluminum profiles. They are installed using a staple gun and putty.
Flatten the putty on the wall, experts recommend a wide spatula
The material is applied on the wall and spread with a wide spatula. Move from the top down. If the room has an arch or other complex structures, be sure to use a plastic area. He fixed braces, and then puttied.
Work quickly as possible in order to succeed in the process of trimming the adjacent strip processing. Once the putty is applied, allow the material to harden.
It is said that sometimes shpaklyuyut drywall and roll. This is done when you need to "whiten" surface, which is already aligned to give it a solid color for the subsequent work. But often have to work with a roller.
Caulking: finishing work
When the plaster is completed, do not jump to the subsequent finishing. The surface should be thoroughly dry. Then all the irregularities to be treated fine sandpaper. Be sure to do so in safety glasses and a respirator.
Before starting the final finishing of walls, you must wait for the complete drying putty
Then proceed as follows:
- The treated surface has a zero sandpaper;
- Then apply an even layer of primer;
- For finishing, use a special blend or dilute the starting mixture to a state of sour cream;
- Spray and stretch material is a broad spatula - putty layer should be thin and uniform;
- After drying, this layer need to do the treatment again with primer, and only then can be glued wallpaper or paint the walls.
On the surface treated in this manner, you will be easy to tear off the wallpaper with the next repair. Drywall in this case is not in danger. The finished work is not necessary to alter, even if minor defects are found. Perhaps it will be enough grinding or leveling finishing composition of a small area.
Instructions: how to drywall putty (video)
Putty plasterboard need, and do it according to the rules - the preparation, priming, sanding. Do not skimp on the layers in the material depends on the final form of the work.